Xantrex Technology RS2000 manual


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Table of contents for the manual

  • Page 1

    RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charg er Operation Guide RS2000[...]

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  • Page 3

    RS2000 Sine Wave Inverter/Charger Operation Guide[...]

  • Page 4

    About Xantrex Xantrex T echnol ogy Inc. is a w orld-leading supplier of ad va nced power electronics and contro ls with prod ucts from 50 watt mobile units to one MW utility-scale systems for wind, solar , batteries , fuel cells , microturbines, and backup power applications in both gri d-co nnected and stand-alon e systems. Xan trex products inclu[...]

  • Page 5

    975-0125-01-01 iii About This Guide Purpose The RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Char ger Operation Guide provides explanations and procedure s for operating, configuring, and troubleshooting the RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger (RS2000). Scope The guide provides safety guidelin es and information about operating, configuring, and troubles hooting the [...]

  • Page 6

    About T his Guide iv 975-0125-01-01 Chapter 4, “T roubleshooting”, expl ains how to identify and solve problems that can occur with the RS2000. Appendix A, “Specifications” pr ovides electrical, physical, and performance specifications for the inverter/charger . Appendix B, “Battery Charging Reference” p r ov ides information on three-s[...]

  • Page 7

    About T his Guide 975-0125-01-01 v Symbols Used The following symbols are used on the product labels or in this guide. Related Information For related materials on this pro duct and its available accessorie s, see also: RS2000 Sine W ave Inverte r/C har ger Installation Guide (975-0126-01-01) System Contr ol Panel Owner ’ s Guide (975- 0083-01-01[...]

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  • Page 9

    975-0125-01-01 vii Important Safety Instructions READ AND SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS The RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Char ger Operation Guide contains important safety instructions. Before you install and use your RS20 00 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger, be sure to read, understand and save these safety inst ructions and those in the other product guides. [...]

  • Page 10

    Safety viii 975-0125-01-01 5. Do not operate the inverter/char ger if it has received a sharp blow , been dropped, or oth erwise damaged in any way . If the unit is damaged, see the “W arranty and Prod uct Information” section in the RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Char ger Operation Guide . 6. Do not disassemble the inverter/char ger; it does not c[...]

  • Page 11

    Safety 975-0125-01-01 ix Explosive Gas Precautions 1. T o reduce risk of battery exp los ion, follow these instructions and those published by the battery manu facturer and manufacturer of any equipment you intend to use in vici nity of battery . Review cautionary markings on these prod uc ts and on the engine. 2. This eq uipment contains comp onen[...]

  • Page 12

    Safety x 975-0125-01-01 7. Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and watches when working with a lead -acid battery . A lead-acid battery can produce a sh ort-circuit current high enough to weld a ring or the like to metal, causing a severe burn. 8. Never char ge a frozen battery . 9. If necessary to remove the battery , [...]

  • Page 13

    975-0125-01-01 xi Important Safety Instructions Explosive Gas Precautions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ix Personal Precautions When Wo rking With Batteries - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ix FCC Information to the User - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [...]

  • Page 14

    Contents xii 975-0125-01-01 Operating in Charger Mode - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–14 Charger Operation with Battery Temperature Sensor - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–15 Operating in Equalization Mode - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2[...]

  • Page 15

    Contents 975-0125-01-01 xiii Equalize - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–20 Clear Faults - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–20 View Device Info - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [...]

  • Page 16

    Contents xiv 975-0125-01-01 Very small loads - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4–17 Fluorescent Lights & Power Supplie s - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4–18 Clocks - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -[...]

  • Page 17

    Contents 975-0125-01-01 xv Warranty and Product Information - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - WA–1 Warranty - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - WA–1 Return Procedure - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [...]

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  • Page 19

    975-0125-01-01 xvii Figure 1-1 Typical Xanbus System Diagram - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–5 Figure 1-2 Front Panel of the RS2000 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7 Figure 1-3 Front Panel Lights and Buttons - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [...]

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  • Page 21

    1 Intr oduction Congratulations on your purchas e of the RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger. The RS2000 has been designed to give you premium power , ease of use, and outstanding reliability . Please read this chapter to fami liarize yourself with the main performance and protecti on features of the RS2000.[...]

  • Page 22

    Introduction 1–2 975-0125-01-01 About the RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charg er The RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Char ger is a convenient combinat ion of an inverter , multistage battery char ger , and transfer switch in one electronic device. • As an inverter , the RS20 00 provides sine wave power for your microwave, entertainment system, computer[...]

  • Page 23

    Introduction 975-0125-01-01 1–3 How RS2000 W orks The RS2000 is designed to: •i n v e r t •c h a r g e W ith AC input available from the uti lity grid or a generator , power is passed through the RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger to operate connected AC loads. The remaining AC power not used by loads is converted to DC power and used to cha [...]

  • Page 24

    Introduction 1–4 975-0125-01-01 Built-in Charge Formulas For the inverter to perf orm at the highest level, the batteries must be charge d correctly . The RS2000 has optimized algorithms for flooded, gel, and AGM batteries. Battery T emperatur e Sensor Since battery temperature is a key factor in correct charging, the char ging form ula must be a[...]

  • Page 25

    Introduction 975-0125-01-01 1–5 Xanbus System The RS2000 is the device in a Xanbus ® system that typicall y provides network power—800 mA at 15 volts DC. All of the Xanbus-enabled devices, such as the RS2000 , the System Control Pane l (SCP), and the Automatic Generator Start (AGS) are able to communic ate their settings and activity to each o[...]

  • Page 26

    Introduction 1–6 975-0125-01-01 Comprehensive Electr onic Protection RS2000 is approved to meet a numb er of safety standards including UL 458, 4th edition, and CSA C22.2 No. 107.1. See “Regulatory Approvals” on page A–5 for more information. RS2000 is equipped with nu merous protection features to ensure safe operation. Protection f eature[...]

  • Page 27

    Introduction 975-0125-01-01 1–7 RS2000 F eatures Front P anel Features Before you begin to operate th e RS2000, review the front pa nel features shown in Figure 1-2 and described in T able 1-1. A detailed v iew of the lights and buttons on th e front panel i s shown in F igure 1-3 and describ ed in T able 1-2. Figure 1-2 F ront P anel of the RS20[...]

  • Page 28

    Introduction 1–8 975-0125-01-01 Figure 1-3 F ront P anel Lights and Buttons T able 1-2 Description of F ront P anel Lights and Buttons Fe a t u r e D e s c r i p t i o n 1 External AC light illuminates when you are connected to an AC source like the utility grid or a generator and the AC is qualified. 2 Inverter ON light illuminates when the RS20[...]

  • Page 29

    Introduction 975-0125-01-01 1–9 Side P anel Featur es For your reference, the side panel feat ures with all connections completed is shown in Figure 1-4. CA UTION: Equipment Damage Connect only to other Xanbus compat ibl e devices. Although the cabling and connect ors used in this network sys tem are the s ame as Ethernet connectors, this network[...]

  • Page 30

    Introduction 1–10 975-0125-01-01 4 Dual network jacks provide connection for network-enabled devices. (The number of connections depends on you r layout. Y our connec tio ns may not be t he same as shown he re.) 6 Chassis ground point connects the chassis of the RS2000 to your system’ s chassis grounding point. 7 & 8 DC terminals – negati[...]

  • Page 31

    Introduction 975-0125-01-01 1–11 DC T erminal Covers and Battery T emperature Sensor DC T erminal Covers T wo covers are supplied to prevent accidental contact with the cabling connectors after installation. The re d cover is for the positive cabling terminal, and the black cover is for the negative cabling terminal. Battery T emperature Sensor T[...]

  • Page 32

    Introduction 1–12 975-0125-01-01 System Accessories and Network Components System accessories can be used with the RS2000 in a Xanbus sy stem. The System Control Panel (SCP) provides configuration and monitoring capability for Xanbus-enabled devices su ch as the RS2000. Automatic Generator Start (AGS) automatically st arts and stops your gene rat[...]

  • Page 33

    2 Oper ation Chapter 2, “Operation” contains information and procedures for using your RS2000. This chapter begins with a system startup check that you carry out after installation and configuration to verify that the RS2000 is operating correctly . If you’re using the Sy stem Control Panel to operate or monitor the status of the unit, also r[...]

  • Page 34

    Operation 2–2 975-0125-01-01 Operating the RS2000 with the System Contr ol P anel The System Control Panel (SCP) provides operating, configuration, and monitoring capability for your Xanbus system. The System Control Panel: • Monitors activity thro ughout your onbo ard power system • Displays the latest information about your inverter/charger[...]

  • Page 35

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–3 Using the System Control P anel The System Control Panel has importan t features which you’ll want to be familiar with, as shown in Figure 2-1. Display screen System information is shown on the display screen with an adjustable backlight. Indicator lights Four indicator lights on the front panel indi cate the operat[...]

  • Page 36

    Operation 2–4 975-0125-01-01 On Start Up When the RS200 0 is powered up or comes out of a reset state, all of the front panel lights illuminate and remain on for a minimum of five seconds. After five seco nds, the lights remai n illuminated until the front panel has status information for all the lights. The RS2000 is disabled every time the unit[...]

  • Page 37

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–5 System Start-up Check T o test the charging and invertin g functions from the RS2000 fr ont panel: 1. Disconnect AC power from inverter input by opening the breake r or disconnect. Press the Inverter Enable button on the RS2000. The Inverter On light illuminates. 2. Place a load on the inverter . For example, plug a 1[...]

  • Page 38

    Operation 2–6 975-0125-01-01 System Modes This section provides an overview of the four dif ferent system modes. The system modes described in this section af fect th e performance and behavior of the RS2000 and all ot her Xanbus-enabled devices on the Xanbus system. Y ou’ll have to change the system mode when travelling, putting your vehicle i[...]

  • Page 39

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–7 Operate Mode Characteristics In Operate mode, all communica tions are enabled on the Xanb us system. All power conversion functions are en abled. Each Xanbus -enab led device is monitoring and co mmunicating its input. The basic state of the System Contro l Panel is Operate mode. In Operate mode, the System Control Pa[...]

  • Page 40

    Operation 2–8 975-0125-01-01 T o enter or exit Power Save mode: ◆ Press and hold the System button on the System Control Panel for one second. After you release the System button, the System Control P anel screen and indicator lights will turn of f. Y ou can also enter or exit Power Sa ve mode on the System Settings menu by selecting Desired Mo[...]

  • Page 41

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–9 In Safe mode, the RS2000 continues to communicate, but the inverting and charging functions are disabled. When to use Use Safe mode when you are adding or removing dev ices from the network. Authorize d service person ne l must also put the System Control Panel in Safe mode befo re performing software upgrades and dia[...]

  • Page 42

    Operation 2–10 975-0125-01-01 3. On the System Settings menu, with Desired Mode highlight ed, press Enter . 4. Use the down arrow button to scroll thro ugh the other modes to select Safe mode. For more information on the different system modes: Operate, Power Save, and Hibernate see “System Mode s” on page 2–6. 5. Press Enter . Y ou are now[...]

  • Page 43

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–11 Hibernate mode Characteristics Hibernate mode removes netw ork power from the Sy stem Control Panel and all Xanbus-enabled devices on the Xanbus system. The System Control Panel suspen ds all operations (including starting a nd stopping the generator) until power is restored to the network. All Xanbus-enabled devices[...]

  • Page 44

    Operation 2–12 975-0125-01-01 Operation in Invert Mode Once the inverter/charg er is installed, you can operate it in inve rt mode. T o operate in invert mode from the fr ont panel: 1. Press the Inverter Enable button on the RS2000. 2. If external AC is present, the Exte rnal AC light illuminates. If AC is present and you want to ru n the inverte[...]

  • Page 45

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–13 Operating Limits for Inverter Operation Po w e r O u t p u t T emperature The continuo us output rating for the RS 2000 is 2000 watts or 17 amps at 120 volts AC. The RS2000 can deliv er this power in an ambient (surrounding) temperature up to 122 °F (50 °C). Above th is temperature, you must red uce the power deman[...]

  • Page 46

    Operation 2–14 975-0125-01-01 Operating in Char ger Mode T o operate the RS2000 in char ger mode from the fr ont panel: 1. Conn ect AC in put power . The char ger automatically starts up when qualified AC power is connected if the charger is enabled, or the char ger is disab led but the Force Charge enable override is On. See “Force Charge” o[...]

  • Page 47

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–15 Charg er Operation with Battery T emperature Sensor Since battery temp erature is a key fact or in correct char ging, the char ging formula must be adjusted (automatically and in real time) accor ding to the actual battery temperature to ensure th at batteries are fully char ged, but not overcharged. For this reason,[...]

  • Page 48

    Operation 2–16 975-0125-01-01 Operating in Equalization Mode Follow the battery manufacturer ’ s re commendations for equalizing your batteries. As a guide, a heavily used floode d battery may need to be equalized once a month, and a battery in light service may only need to be equalized every two to four month s. Measure the specific gravity ([...]

  • Page 49

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–17 Equalizing Batteries T o equalize your batteries: 1. Turn of f or disconnect all loads on th e battery . The voltage applied to the battery during equalization may damage your electronic equipmen t. As well, equalization won’ t proceed correctly if loads are dra w ing current from the battery . 2. Check electrolyte[...]

  • Page 50

    Operation 2–18 975-0125-01-01 Selecting Y es by pressing the Enter button takes you to the eq ualization system home screen, as shown in Figure 2-1 1. OR Selecting No by pressing the Exit bu tton on Figure 2-10 takes you to the RS2000 device screen. See T able 2-2 for an explanation of the equalize home screen content. Figure 2-10 Equalize Confir[...]

  • Page 51

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–19 If you choose Y es, the equa lizatio n process is cancelled and you are returned to the RS2000 home m enu. 0R If you choose No and co ntin ue with equalization , the equalization home screen, as shown in Figure 2-1 1, appears. 5. When equalizat ion is finished, check the battery electrolyte level. T op up as necessar[...]

  • Page 52

    Operation 2–20 975-0125-01-01 T erminating the Equalization Process The equaliz ation process c an be terminated in three ways: • user cancellation from the System Co ntrol Panel as shown in Figure 2-12 • inverter/charger cancellation if AC is remo ved or the char ger is disabled • successful completion of the equalization process Operating[...]

  • Page 53

    Operation 975-0125-01-01 2–21 Monitoring the RS2000 Indicator Lights The ten indicator li ghts on the front panel show you the operating status of the RS2000. A description of the lights is provided in T able 2-3. If none of the front panel lights are on, see “T roubleshooting Refe rence” on page 4–4 . t T able 2-3 F ront P anel Lights Ligh[...]

  • Page 54

    Operation 2–22 975-0125-01-01 F aults and W arnings A fault af fects the opera tion of the unit. A manual fault requires user intervention by clearing th e condition and then pressing the Reset button on the inverter/charger ’ s front panel. See the System Contr ol Panel Owner ’ s Guide for information on clearin g faults from the System Cont[...]

  • Page 55

    3 Configur ation Chapter 3, “Configuration” cont ains information about all configurable settings a nd procedures for the RS2000.[...]

  • Page 56

    Configuration 3–2 975-0125-01-01 General Configur ation Information System Control All changes to the configuration of th e RS2000 are made with the System Control Panel (SCP). The System Co ntrol Panel provides configuration and monitoring capability for all Xanb us-enabled devices on the network. The front panel of th e RS2000 pro vid es limite[...]

  • Page 57

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–3 System Menu Map Figure 3-1 provides a map of ho w the menus are organized. The order of devices appearing on th e System Control Panel will vary , depending on the order in which they ’ve b een connected to the network. Figure 3-1 System Menu Map Startup screen Startup screen Power Up System sc reen System sc re[...]

  • Page 58

    Configuration 3–4 975-0125-01-01 Vi ewing the System Screen The System screen, as shown in Figure 3-2, is use d to monitor system activity . Y ou cannot select or chan ge any of the information on the System screen. If you would like to vi ew more detailed information, press menu to go to the Sele ct Device menu. Vi ewing the Select Device Menu T[...]

  • Page 59

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–5 Selecting the RS2000 Basic Menu T o select the RS2000 fr om the Select Device menu: 1. On the Select Device menu, RS2000 appears highlighted. 2. Press Enter . The RS2000 basic menu app ears. Figure 3-4 RS2000 Basic Menu in Invert Mode Invert [*Enabled][...]

  • Page 60

    Configuration 3–6 975-0125-01-01 Selecting and Adjusting the Configurable settings Y ou can view RS2000 settings or change RS2000 settings from the RS2000 menu. Display settings show st atus items and cannot be changed. Configurable settings are indicated by square bracket s [ ] and can be adjusted, as shown in Figure 3-4. Follow these steps to c[...]

  • Page 61

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–7 RS2000 Configuration Menus The System Control Panel displays the RS2000 configurati on menu in two formats: basic an d advanced . RS2000 basic menu list status info rmation and settings you may have to adjust on a routine basis. It prov ides access to basic control of the inverter/charger . RS2000 advanced menu se[...]

  • Page 62

    Configuration 3–8 975-0125-01-01 The RS2000 menu structure is sh own in Figu re 3-6. The first four lines appearing in both menus: Mode, Battery , AC Input or AC Out, are status items only and are no t configurable. Figure 3-6 RS2000 Menu Structure — Overview[...]

  • Page 63

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–9 RS2000 Device Menu The RS2000 device menu displays status information on the d ifferent modes of the inverter/charger . The firs t three lines of the device screen displays dynamic content that changes, depending o n what operation mode that the RS200 0 is in. S tatus information is not configurable; configurable [...]

  • Page 64

    Configuration 3–10 975-0125-01-01 Battery The second line of the device screen indicates the status of the battery . This line displays the volts (V), current (A) as either (+) positive amps (indicating that the battery is char gin g) or (–) negative amps (indicatin g the battery is dischar ging because you’ re inverting) and battery temperat[...]

  • Page 65

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–11 RS2000 Menu (Basic) The RS2000 basic menu indicates the st atus of items and lists settings that you may have to adjust on a routine basis. If advanced menu is en abled, scroll through the RS20 00 advanced menu items until Basic Menu is hi ghlighted and press enter . This section describes each display item and c[...]

  • Page 66

    Configuration 3–12 975-0125-01-01 Charge r Configurable setting This setting lets you enable or disable the op eration of the char ger . When the charger is enabled, and AC is co nnected to the input, your batteries will be charged. The char ger can be di sabled, if desired, anytime during the char ge cycle. If the charger is enabled and the AC i[...]

  • Page 67

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–13 P ower Shar e Configurable setting Power Share is a configurable setting that you set to match to the breaker rating on the AC input. This setting is used to ensure that the char ger limits its output to try to prevent nuisance tripping of the AC input breaker due to the total current draw n by the charger and yo[...]

  • Page 68

    Configuration 3–14 975-0125-01-01 In the RS2000 home menu , highlight Equalize, as sh own in Figure 3-8. When you select On, the equalizatio n confirmation warning appears, as shown in Figure 3-9. Selecting Y es takes you to the equali zation system home screen, as shown in Figure 3-10. Figure 3-8 Equalize On [Enabled] [10.0A] [On] [Flooded] Figu[...]

  • Page 69

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–15 Batteries must be fully charged before equalization. If they are not fully charged, a precharge occurs. Duri ng prechar ge, the T ime Remaining appears as “n/a”—not applicable. Wh en the equalization process begins, T ime Remaining appears as a value between 60 min and 1 min. Y ou can cancel the equalizatio[...]

  • Page 70

    Configuration 3–16 975-0125-01-01 Batt T ype Full name Battery T ype Configurable setting Select the type of battery from flooded, AGM , gel or custom. If a battery temperature sensor is not pres ent, the RS2000 uses cold, warm or ho t settings with the hot setting as the default. When to use This setting is adjusted for the type of battery you h[...]

  • Page 71

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–17 Batt Size Full name Battery size Configurable setting This features let you select the size of the batter y bank being charged. When to use Adjust this setting to your actual battery bank size. Outcome Reduces the maximum charger current to protect against charging smaller batteries too aggressively . This se tti[...]

  • Page 72

    Configuration 3–18 975-0125-01-01 RS2000 Menu (Advanced) The RS2000 advanced menu lists settings t hat provide you with additional control over RS2000. Howe ver , you may not have to adjust these settings as part of regular operation. For a listing of advanced menu items, see “RS2000 Menu Structure — Overview” on page 3–8 . These settings[...]

  • Page 73

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–19 Max Chg Rate Full name Maximum charge rate Configurable setting The actual battery charge ra te is determined by two things. First, the RS2000 uses the bank size setting (C) divided by 5 (C÷5). This value is then regulated by the charge rate settin g. For example, if the battery bank size is set to 300 Ah and th[...]

  • Page 74

    Configuration 3–20 975-0125-01-01 Equalize See a description of this feature on page 3–13. Clear F aults See a description of this feature on page 3–17. Vie w D e v i c e I n f o For more information on this sub me nu, Device Information, see “V iew Device Info Menu (Device Info rmation Menu)” on page 3–28. Basic Menu Purpose Selecting [...]

  • Page 75

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–21 Selecting the RS2000 Advanced Menu The System Contro l Panel shows the RS2000 basic m enu by default. If you would like to view the adva nced menu, you must go to the System Settings menu and select Global Menus. T o select the RS2000 Advanced Menu: 1. On the Select Device menu with System highlighted, press En t[...]

  • Page 76

    Configuration 3–22 975-0125-01-01 4. Selec t Ad v anced and press En ter . 5. Press Exit to return to Select Device menu. Returning to RS2000 Basic Menu Y ou can return to viewing the RS20 00 basic menu by selecting Basic Menu from the RS2000 advan ced menu. See “Basic Menu” on page 3– 20.[...]

  • Page 77

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–23 Sub-Menus Configure Inv/Chg Menu (Configur e Inverter/Charg er Menu) Cfg/Inv Chg is a su b-menu. If selected, a list of sub-m enu items appears. Lo DC V olt Full name Low DC input voltage shutdown Configurable setting This setting lets you set the low voltage shutdown le vel for the inverter . When to use This se[...]

  • Page 78

    Configuration 3–24 975-0125-01-01 Sense Interval Configurable setting This setting lets you adjust th e interval of load sensing. The longer the interval, the more power you will save . However , the longer intervals may cause delays in the inverter po wer up and starting your load s. Cfg A C Limits (Configure A C Limits) Cfg AC Limits is a sub-m[...]

  • Page 79

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–25 Eqz V olts Full name Equalization voltage Configurable setting This setting lets you set th e desired equalization voltage. This menu is displayed only if charger equalization is enabl ed . Select a setting based on the battery manufacturer ’ s recommendation. For more information, see “Battery Char ging Refe[...]

  • Page 80

    Configuration 3–26 975-0125-01-01 Cfg A C Limits (Configure A C Limits) Lo A C V olt Full name Low AC T ransfer volta ge (AC under v oltage level) Configurable setting Low AC T ran sfer voltage is the voltage below which the inverter/char ger no longer qualifies AC as “good”, open s the relay , and attempts to transfer to Invert mode if I nve[...]

  • Page 81

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–27 When to use This setting lets you adjust th e AC parameters when the AC supply is outside the lower frequency range required for electrical e quipment. Outcome The lower frequency of voltage th at will be qualified as “good” by the inverter/charger can be varied. Hi A C V olt Full name Hi AC transfer voltage [...]

  • Page 82

    Configuration 3–28 975-0125-01-01 V iew Device Info Menu (Device Information Menu) The V iew Device Info menu allow s yo u to view the Fa ult, W arning and Event logs. On the V iew De vice Info menu, you can also restore the default setting for the RS20 00. For a definition of faults and warn ings, see “Faults and W arnings” on page 4–2. An[...]

  • Page 83

    Configuration 975-0125-01-01 3–29 Restore Defaults Configurable setting The Restor e Default command restores th e default settings for each device. When to use Adjust this settin g when you wish to restore your settings to defaults. When you select Resto re Defaults, a warning message appears, as shown in Figure 3-14: If you select continue, you[...]

  • Page 84


  • Page 85

    4 T r oubleshooting The RS2000 is designed for high reliability of operation and has a number of protection feat ures to provide trouble free operation. If, howev er , you have any problems operating your inverter/charger read th is troubleshooting chapter . If you cannot resolve the probl em, record the necessary information on the form, “Inf or[...]

  • Page 86

    T roubleshooting 4–2 975-0125-01-01 F aults and W arnings When a fault or warning messag e ap pears, you can ackn owledge the message to clear the screen . T o ackn owledge a fault or warning message, press the Enter button on the System Control Panel. This action does not clear the fault or warning condition, so you should consult T able 4-3 and[...]

  • Page 87

    T roubleshooting 975-0125-01-01 4–3 Wa r n i n g T y p e s There are two types of warnings: automatic and ma nual. Wh en the RS2000 detects a warning condition, it displays a warning message on the System Control Panel. T able 4-2 describe s ho w they differ in their behavior and in how yo u can respond to them when they appear on the System Cont[...]

  • Page 88

    T roubleshooting 4–4 975-0125-01-01 Troubleshooting Refer ence This chapter provides you with troubleshooting tips to identify and solve most problems that can occur with the RS2000. This chapter is divided into the following four sections: Section P age Number General T roubleshootin g Guidelines See page 4–5. W arning Messages See page 4–7.[...]

  • Page 89

    T roubleshooting 975-0125-01-01 4–5 General T roubleshooting Guidelines This section will help you narrow do wn the source of any problem you may encounter . Please rea d th e following trou bleshooting steps: 1. Check for a W arning or Fault mess age on the System Control Panel. See “W arning Messages” on page 4–7 and “Fault Messages” [...]

  • Page 90

    T roubleshooting 4–6 975-0125-01-01 5. Contac t Xantrex Customer Service for further assistance. Please be prepared to describe details of yo ur system installation and provide the model and serial number of th e unit. See “Contact Information” on page v for conta ct information.[...]

  • Page 91

    T roubleshooting 975-0125-01-01 4–7 W arning Messages W arning mes sages appear on the System Contr ol Panel to alert you to an impending system change. Y ou can retr ieve and view the last ten warning messages using the control panel. The warnings have been recorded with a time stamp to let you know the date and time that the warning appeared. S[...]

  • Page 92

    T roubleshooting 4–8 975-0125-01-01 T able 4-3 provides a detailed description of the warning messages and solutions. T able 4-3 Wa r n i n g M e s s a g e s Wa r n i n g Number Message Wa r n i n g Ty p e C a u s e S o l u t i o n W0 FET1 over -temp. Check airflow around it. Automatic FET1 Over T emperature W arning Ensure adequate ven tilation [...]

  • Page 93

    T roubleshooting 975-0125-01-01 4–9 W9 Battery temp sensor not detected. Check connections. Automatic Battery T emperature Sensor Not Present Install a battery temperature sensor (BTS). This warning will continue t o display as long as no BTS is connected. W10 Battery temp sensor failure. Automatic Battery T emperature Sensor Shorted Replace batt[...]

  • Page 94

    T roubleshooting 4–10 975-0125-01-01 W501 I nv/Chg is t rying to fix a memory problem Manual Non-volatile memory warning Normal operation may ret urn or may go to fault. Push Reset button if normal operation do es not resume. T able 4-3 Wa r n i n g M e s s a g e s Wa r n i n g Number Message Wa r n i n g Ty p e C a u s e S o l u t i o n[...]

  • Page 95

    T roubleshooting 975-0125-01-01 4–11 Fa u l t M e s s a g e s When the RS2000 detects a fault condition, t he fault is displayed on the System Control Panel and also is in dicated by the illuminated red Fault light on the RS2000 front panel. A fault af fects the operation of th e unit. See “Fault T ypes” on page 4–2 for an expl anation of t[...]

  • Page 96

    T roubleshooting 4–12 975-0125-01-01 T able 4-4 provides a detailed description of the fault messages and solutions. If you are unable to resolve the problem after referring to this table, contact your dealer or Customer Service. T able 4-4 Fa u l t M e s s a g e s Fa u l t Number Message Fa u l t Ty p e C a u s e S o l u t i o n F0 is too hot an[...]

  • Page 97

    T roubleshooting 975-0125-01-01 4–13 F7 T oo many AC loads. T urn some off, clear fault, try again. Escalating Auto Fault. Must occur 3 times in 30 seconds before becoming a manual fault. AC Overload (PEAK CURRENT) Shutdown (AC OUTPUT) Clear the fault and attempt restart. Reduce AC loads. F8 has lost input neut ral connection. See guide. Manual N[...]

  • Page 98

    T roubleshooting 4–14 975-0125-01-01 F14 Inp ut AC too high. Check source, clear fault, try again. Automatic AC Over V oltage Shutdown (AC Lin e 2 input) Not applicable for RS2000 F15 Inp ut AC too low . Check source, clear fault, try again. Automatic AC Under V oltage Shutdown (AC Lin e 2 input) Not applicable to RS2000. F16 AC inpu t frequency [...]

  • Page 99

    T roubleshooting 975-0125-01-01 4–15 F24 R eset the RS2000. If problem persists, call customer service. Escalating Auto Fault. Must occur 3 times in 60 seconds before becoming a manual fault. AC Under V oltage Shutdown (Inverter AC output) Clear the fault and attempt restart. If problem persists, call customer service. F25 R eset the RS2000. If p[...]

  • Page 100

    T roubleshooting 4–16 975-0125-01-01 F41 Reset the RS2 000. If problem persists, call customer service. Manual Dead battery char ger timeout T ry restarting dead battery charging once. Then check the condition of the battery and replace if necessary . F500 Silicon Serial ID Failure Manual Silicon Serial ID Failure Service required. F502 W atchdog[...]

  • Page 101

    T roubleshooting 975-0125-01-01 4–17 Inverter Applications The Xanbus system perfo rms differently depending on the AC loads connected to it. If you are havi ng problems with any of your lo ads, read this section. The Xanbus sy stem perform dif ferently based on dif ferent loads. Resistive Loads These are the loads that the inverter finds the sim[...]

  • Page 102

    T roubleshooting 4–18 975-0125-01-01 Fluorescent Lights & P ower Supplies Some devices cannot be detected when scanned by Load Sense circuitry . Small fluorescent lights are the most common example. Some computers and sophisticated electronics have power supplies that do not present a load until line voltage is available. When this occurs, ea[...]

  • Page 103

    A Specifications Appendix A, “Specifications” contains the electrical and physical specifications for the RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/ Charger. All specifications are subject to change without notice.[...]

  • Page 104

    Specifications A–2 975-0125-01-01 Inverter Specifications All inverter specifications are at nominal conditions: am bient temperature of 77 °F ( 25 °C), 2000 watt resistive load , 12 volts DC inverting on the RS2000, 120 volts AC, unless othe rwise specified. T able A-1 Inverter Specifications Output wave form Sine wave T otal harmonic voltage [...]

  • Page 105

    Specifications 975-0125-01-01 A–3 Charger Specifications All charging specifications are at nominal conditions: ambient temperature of 77 °F (25 °C), 1 20 V A C, 60 Hz input, unless otherwise specified. T able A-2 Charger Specifications Charging method • Three-stage charge (Bulk, Absorption, Float) • T wo-st age charge (Bulk, Absorption ) T[...]

  • Page 106

    Specifications A–4 975-0125-01-01 T ransfer and General Specifications All transfer specifications are at nominal conditions: ambient temperature of 77 °F (25 °C), 120 V AC, 60 Hz input, unless otherwise specified. T able A-3 T ransfer and General Specifications Environmental Specifications T able A-4 Environmental Specifications T ransfer time[...]

  • Page 107

    Specifications 975-0125-01-01 A–5 Physical Specifications with Projections T able A-5 Physical Specifications Regulatory Approvals F an Operation The internal cooling fans are automatic temperature-controlled. The bottom fan is an exhaust fan and runs co ntinuously . Length 16.19 inches (411 mm) W idth 14.20 inches (361 mm ) Height 8.1 inches (20[...]

  • Page 108

    Specifications A–6 975-0125-01-01 Invert P ower Derating vs Ambient T emperature The inverter/charg er delivers up to 2 000 watts conti nuous of sine wave output to 50 °C ambien t temperature and 1500 watts contin uous of sine wave output to 60 °C am bient temper ature, derated linearly from 50 °C to 60 °C. If the unit is in elevated ambient [...]

  • Page 109

    B Battery Char ging Refer ence Appendix B, “Battery Charging Reference” describes the multistage charging algorithm (formula) of the RS2000.[...]

  • Page 110

    Battery Charging Reference B–2 975-0125-01-01 Charging Algorithms (F ormulas) Battery T ype RS2000 char ges flooded (or wet) lead-acid , gel, AGM (absorbed glass mat), and custom batteries. Flooded (or wet) Flooded (or wet) batteries have remov ab le battery caps for refillin g with distilled water and testing the electrolyte. Gel Gel batteries h[...]

  • Page 111

    Battery Charging Reference 975-0125-01-01 B–3 There is a fourth stage, equalization, which is initialized ma nually as it is only performed occasionally and on ly on flooded (or wet) batteries. Bulk Charge In the first stage—the bulk charge—R S2000 delivers its full-rated output current. This constant current is delivered to the batteri es un[...]

  • Page 112

    Battery Charging Reference B–4 975-0125-01-01 Float Charge In the third stage—the float char ge —which is a maintenance mode, the output voltage of the char ger is redu ced to a lower level, typically about 13.5 (V F1 ) volts to maintain the battery’ s charge with out losing electrolyte through gassing. In the float mode, the charger will i[...]

  • Page 113

    Battery Charging Reference 975-0125-01-01 B–5 T wo-Stage Charging If the two-stage charge is enabled, the char ger finishes the absorption charge but does not go to float mode beca use some battery man ufacturers advise against floating th eir batteries. The RS2000 goes into a monitoring mode instead where the charger monito rs the batteries but [...]

  • Page 114

    Battery Charging Reference B–6 975-0125-01-01 Charge Algorithm Gr aph Charg e Algorithm Definitions T able B-1 Battery Defaults Figure B-1 T hree-stage Charging Profile V oltage Flooded (or wet) Gel AGM V A Absorpt ion V ol tage (VDC) 14.4 14.4 14.3 V G Gassing V ol tage (VDC) 13.5 13.8 13.45 V F1 Float V ol tage (VDC) 13.5 13.8 13.45 V F2 Float [...]

  • Page 115

    Battery Charging Reference 975-0125-01-01 B–7 A C Reconnect Summary If AC is disconnected during charging, the char ge stage after AC is reconnected is indicated in T able B-2. T able B-2 AC Reconnect Summary T ime Flooded (or wet) Gel AGM ∆ T A Abso rption Timeout (hours) 6 6 6 ∆ T CV Constant V olt age Absorpti on T imeout (hours) 1 1 1 ∆[...]

  • Page 116


  • Page 117

    C T erminology This section provides a glossary of terms and a listing of abbreviations used in this guide.[...]

  • Page 118

    T erminology C–2 975-0125-01-01 Glossary Absorption Charge The second stage of three-stage battery charging. V oltage rema ins constant and current reduces as th e battery becomes charged. This ensures complete charging. Alternating Current (AC) The type of electrical power supp lied by t he power utility o r an AC generator . The unique characte[...]

  • Page 119

    T erminology 975-0125-01-01 C–3 Electrolyte The liquid found inside storage batteries. Electrolyte is a conductive medium in which the flow of electricity takes place. In lead-acid batteries, th e electrolyte is an acid-water mixture. Enable When a function is enabled, it is allowed to occur but other conditions may have to be met before the fun [...]

  • Page 120

    T erminology C–4 975-0125-01-01 P ar allel Wiring A group of electrical devices, such as batteries or PV modu l es, wired together to increase current, while voltage remains constant. T wo 100 amp-hour 12 VDC batteries wired in parallel form a 200 amp-hour 12 VDC battery bank. Resistive Loads T oasters, coffee pots, and incande scent lights are e[...]

  • Page 121

    T erminology 975-0125-01-01 C–5 Abbreviations Abbrev iation F ull name Definition A Ampere (Amps) See Glossary . AC Alternating Current See Glossary . AGM Absorbed Glass Mat A type of battery in which the electrolyte or battery fluid is contained in glass-fibre ma ts between battery plates. Ah Ampere hour (amp hour) See Glossary . ASC Authorized [...]

  • Page 122

    T erminology C–6 975-0125-01-01 SOC State of charge Indicates the quantity of electrical energy stored inside a battery . UL Underwriters Laboratory A stan dards writing and certification body which tests an d approves products for regulato ry compliance to internat ion al standards. THD T otal Harmonic Distortion A measure of how pure or clean a[...]

  • Page 123

    975-0125-01-01 WA–1 W arr anty and Pr oduct Information Wa r r a n t y What does this warranty cover? This Limited W arranty is provided by Xantrex T echnology , Inc. ("Xantrex") and covers defects in workma nshi p and ma terials in y our RS2000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger. This warranty period lasts for 36 months from the date of purch[...]

  • Page 124

    W arranty and Return WA–2 975-0125-01-01 What proof of pur chase is r equired? In any warranty claim, dated proof of purchase must accompany the product and the product must not have been disasse mbled or modifi ed without prior written autho rization by Xant rex. Proof of purchase may be in any one of the following fo rm s: • The dated purchas[...]

  • Page 125

    W arranty and Return 975-0125-01-01 WA–3 incidental or consequenti a l damag es, so the above limi tation(s) or exclu sion(s) may not apply to you. This Limited W arranty gives you specific legal rights. Y o u may have other rights which may vary from state to state or province to province. W arning: Limitations On Use Please refer to your produc[...]

  • Page 126

    W arranty and Return WA–4 975-0125-01-01 Out of W arr anty Service If the warranty period for your RS2000 Sine W ave Inve rter/Ch arger has expired, if the unit was dama ged by misuse or incorrect install ation, if other conditio ns of th e warranty have not been met, or if no dated proof of purchase is available, your inverter may be serviced or[...]

  • Page 127

    A absorption charge B– 3 AC knockout illustrated 1–9 locations of 1–7 AC reconnect summary B–7 AC wiring compartment access panel 1–7 AGM (absorbed glass mat) batteries B–2 B batteries AGM (absorbed glass mat) B–2 custom B–2 flooded B–2 gel B–2 wet B–2 battery damage, risk of B–2 battery temperature sensor charger operation [...]

  • Page 128

    Index IX–2 975-0125-01-01 FCC compliance A–5 regulations x float charge B– 4 Force Charge, defined 3–25 front panel described 1–7 illustrated 1–7 front panel lig ht Absorption 2–22 Bulk 2–22 Charger ON 2–21 Equalize 2–22 External AC 2–21 Fault 2–21 Float 2–22 Inverter ON 2–21 Low Battery 2–21 Network 2–21 front panel[...]

  • Page 129

    Index 975-0125-01-01 IX–3 system screen, example of 3–4 T three-stage charging algorithm B–2 three-stage charging pr ofile, illustrated B–2 troubleshooting fault messages 4–11 general guidelines 4–5 motor loads 4–17 problem loads 4–17 resistive loads 4–17 warning messa ges 4– 7 U Up arrow button 2–4 W warning automatic 4–3 d[...]

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  • Page 132

    Xantrex Technology Inc. 1 800 670 0707 Tel toll free NA 1 360 925 5097 Tel direct 1 800 994 7828 Fax toll free NA 1 360 925 5143 Fax direct customerservice@xantrex.c om www.xantrex.com 975-0125-01-01 Printed in Canada[...]