Xantrex Technology HF 1000 manual


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Table of contents for the manual

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    TM TM Fr eedom HF Inverter/Char ger Owner’ s Guide Freedom HF 1000 Freedom HF 1800[...]

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    iii T rademarks Xantrex and Smart choice for power are trademarks of Schneider Electric Services International sprl , registered in the U.S. and other coun tries. Other trademarks, registered trademarks, and pr oduct names are the property of their respective owners and are used herein for identification purposes only . Notice of Copyright Xantrex [...]

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    About T his Guide iv 975-0390-01-01 About This Guide Purpose The purpose of this Owner’ s Guide is to provide explanati ons and procedures for operating, maintainin g, and troubleshooting a Freedom HF Installation*. For complete information to help in setting up a Freedom HF Installation see the Freedom HF Inverter/Charger Installation Guide (Doc[...]

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    About T his Guide 975-0390-01-01 v Chapter 5 describes how to troubleshoot the Freedom HF Inverter/ Charge r during operation. Appendix A contains electrical performan ce information and prod uct specifications. Conventions Used The following co nventions are used in thi s guide. Related Information Y ou can find more information about Xantrex T ec[...]

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    vii Important Safety Instructions IMPORT ANT : Read and save this Owner ’ s Guide for future reference. This chapter contains im portant safety and operating instructions for the Freedom HF Inverter/Charger units – Freedom HF 1000 and Freedom HF 1800 . 1. B EFORE INSTALLI NG AND USING THE F REEDOM HF , READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND CAUTIONARY MAR K[...]

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    Safety viii 975-0390-01-01 5. Do not op erate the Freedom HF if it has received a sharp blow , been dropped, or otherwise damaged in any way . If the Freedom HF is damaged, see the W arranty section. 6. Do not disassemble the Freedom HF . It contains no user-serviceable parts. See W arranty for instructions on obtaining service. Attempting to servi[...]

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    Safety 975-0390-01-01 ix P ersonal Pr ecautions W hen W orking With Batteries NO TES : 1. Remove (or do not remo ve) cell caps while charging and follow recommended rates of charge. 2. Add distilled water in each cell until bat tery acid reaches the level specified by the battery manufacturer . This helps to purge excessive gas from cells. Do not o[...]

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    Safety x 975-0390-01-01 7. Have someone within rang e of you r voice or close eno ugh to come to your aid when you work near a lead-acid battery . 8. Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid contacts skin, clothing, or eye s. 9. W ear complete eye protection and cloth ing protection. A void touching your eyes wh ile wo rking [...]

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    Safety 975-0390-01-01 xi Precautions for Using Rechar geable Appliances Some chargers for small rechar geab le batteries can be damaged if connected to the Freedom HF . Do not use the following with the Freedom HF : • Small battery-operated appliances like flashlights, razors, and night lights that can be plugged directly in to an AC receptac le [...]

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    975-0390-01-01 xiii Important Safety Instructions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - vii 1 Introduction Freedom HF Inverter/Charger - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–2 Independent Power System - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [...]

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    Contents xiv 975-0390-01-01 Operating Limits - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4–8 Power Output - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4–8 Input Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [...]

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    1–1 1 Introduction Chapter 1 introduces you to the Freedom HF , explains the inverting, charging, and power system management functions. It covers the following: • Freedom HF ’ s major features, and • Freedom HF ’ s function as an independent power system.[...]

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    1–2 975-0390-01-01 Freedom HF Inverter/Char ger Congratulations on your p urchase of the Freedom HF Inverter/Char ger ( Freedom HF ). As part of the Freedo m Inverter/Charg er family , the Freedom HF 1000 and Fr eedo m HF 1800 give you quality power , worry- free operation, and outs tanding reliability . The Freedom HF ’ s integrated inverting?[...]

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    Independent P ower System 975-0390-01-01 1–3 Overload Alarm and Shutdown During Inverter mode, the Freedom HF automatically alerts you if the loads that are connected and drawing power from the unit are close to the maximum operating limit. The Freedom HF automatically shuts down when the maximum operating limit is exceeded. Over -temp Alarm and [...]

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    2–1 2 F eatur es Chapter 2 contains information a nd labeled illustrations to help identify the various features of the Freedom HF . It covers the following: • Materials list, • Default settings list, • Front panel features, • Side panel features, • Rear panel features, and • Display panel features[...]

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    2–2 975-0390-01-01 Materials List Yo u r Freedom HF Inverter/Charger package i ncludes the items listed below . •1 Freedom HF Inverter/Charg er unit • 1 Display panel with 7-inch (0.17 m) cable • 1 Communications cable (25 feet) (7.5 m) • 2 DC terminal covers • 2 Strain-relief clamps (for AC input and output wiring ) • 1 Blanking plat[...]

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    Default Settings for the F reedom HF Syst em 975-0390-01-01 2–3 Default Settings for the Freedom HF System Ta b l e 2 - 1 lists the default settings for the Freedom HF system. Y ou may record your settings in the right-hand column after you have configured the Freedom HF . Front P anel T able 2-1 Fr e e d o m H F Default V alues Item Default Sett[...]

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    2–4 975-0390-01-01 Side P anel Rear P anel Feature Description 1 15 A supplementary protector provides overload protection fo r the GFCI receptacles. In a hard wired installation, the supp lemen tary protector does not protect ou tput wiring. 2 Gr ou nding stud provides a ground path for the Freedom HF chassis to the DC system ground. 3 Main cool[...]

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    Display P anel 975-0390-01-01 2–5 Display P anel Feature Description 1 Inverter button is the main unit switch that turns the Freedom HF ’ s inverter function ON or OFF . See page 4–2 for additional informatio n. 2 Three-digit LED display screen shows status information and fault codes. See page 4–2 for additional informati on. 3 S tatus LE[...]

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    3–1 3 Configur ation Chapter 3 explains how to configure the Freedom HF to best meet your electrical system requirements. It covers the following: • Setting battery type s on the main unit on page 3–2 . • Adjusting display , alarm, and char ging current settings on page 3–3 .[...]

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    3–2 975-0390-01-01 Setting Battery T ypes on the Main Unit Y ou can attach different types of lead-acid batteries to the Freedom HF . Before installing batteries make su re that you configure the unit to optimize the charging process. The settings can be changed by adju sting the dip switches found on the main unit behind the display panel. T o a[...]

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    Adjusting F eature Settings 975-0390-01-01 3–3 Adjusting F eature Settings The Power and Select buttons can be used to: • change the charging current setting, • change the inverter mode setting, • disable or enable the audible alarm, • change the shutdown setting, and • return to factory default settings. T o cycle through the various f[...]

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    3–4 975-0390-01-01 T o change the charger ’s charging curr ent setting: By default the charging current is set to 55 A. 1. Press and hold the Power button for five seconds. The LED screen will flash “ Cur ” intermittently . 2. Press the Select button once. The LED screen will display the present char ging current setting. Example, “ 40A ?[...]

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    Adjusting F eature Settings 975-0390-01-01 3–5 T o change the inver ter mode setting: By default the inverter mode is set to ON. ON (“ In1 ”) will put the inverter on standby . This means when shorepower is present, AC shorep ower will pass through as AC output. And when shorepower is not availabl e, the inverter function will take power from[...]

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    3–6 975-0390-01-01 4. Continue pressing the Select butto n to cycle through the two settings – “ AL0 ” and “ AL1 ” until you reach the desired setting. 5. Press and hold the Select button fo r five seconds to make the setting permanent. T o adjust the under voltage shutdown setting: By default the low voltage setting is set to Low . Low[...]

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    4–1 4 Oper ation Chapter 4 explains how to operate the Freedom HF efficiently and effectively . It covers the following: • Procedures for operating the inverter from the display panel, • Operating limits and inverter loads, • Battery charging, and • Information about routine maintenance.[...]

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    4–2 975-0390-01-01 Display P anel Operation The Freedom HF features a display panel with three-digit LED display to show inverter , AC source, and battery status informa tion. Feature Description 1 Inverter button • Press and hold for one second to turn the Freedom HF ’ s Inverter funct ion ON or OFF (when AC Shore Power is NOT present.) • [...]

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    Operating in Shore P ower Mode 975-0390-01-01 4–3 Operating in Shor e P ower Mode The Freedom HF operates in shore power mode when an AC source (a generator or utility power) is present at the AC in put terminals. When the AC source is within operating range, the Freedom HF unit bypasses inverter function and powers the app liances connected to t[...]

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    4–4 975-0390-01-01 Operating in Inverter Mode The Freedom HF is in inverter mode when shore power is not presently available and the unit is using the battery (inverting DC to AC) to power the appliances connected to the Freedom HF . The Y ellow status LED lights up to indicate the Freedom H F is using the battery to power the appliances. The tab[...]

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    Operating in Inverter Mode 975-0390-01-01 4–5 Status LED During Inverter Mode The following summarizes the behavior of the S tatus LED during Inverter mode. Checking Battery Status During inverter mode, yo u can check the battery status by pressing the Select button until the Input V oltage LED (or Input Current LED) illuminates. The battery volt[...]

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    4–6 975-0390-01-01 Checking Output P ower During Inverter mode, you can check how much power (displayed in kW) the Freedom HF is supplying to the connected loads by pressing the Select button until the Output Power LED illuminates. Operating Several Loads at Once If you are going to operat e several loads from the Freedom HF , turn them on one at[...]

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    Operating During T ransition Between Shore P ower and Inverter Mode 975-0390-01-01 4–7 Operating During T r ansition Between Shor e P ower and Inverter Mode The Freedom HF ’ s advanced power management is capable of transitioning power from an AC source to DC source within a fraction of a second and vice-versa. The Freedom HF automatically dete[...]

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    4–8 975-0390-01-01 Operating Limits P ower Output The Freedom HF can deliver up to 1000 watts ( Fr eedo m HF 1000 ) or 1800 watts ( Freedom HF 1800 ) continuous power . The wattage rating applies to resistive loads such as incandescent lights. Input V oltage The allowable Freedom HF input voltage ranges are shown in the following table: Operating[...]

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    Inverter Loads 975-0390-01-01 4–9 Inverter Loads The Freedom HF will operate most AC loads within its power rating of 1000 watts ( Freedom HF 1000 ) or 1800 watts ( Freedom HF 1800 ). However , some appliances and equipmen t may be diffi cult to operate, and other appliances may actually be damaged if you t ry to operate them with the Freedom HF [...]

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    4–10 975-0390-01-01 T rouble Loads Some appliances, including the types listed below , may be damaged if they are connec te d to the Freedom HF : • Speed controllers found in some fans, power tools, kitchen appl iances, and other loads may be damag e d. • Some chargers for small rechargeab le batteries can be damaged. See “Precautions for U[...]

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    Battery Charging 975-0390-01-01 4–11 Battery Charging Battery charging is possible only wh en shore power is present and the Freedom HF unit is connected to a battery (or battery bank). The frequency of battery charging is determined by how much ener gy in the battery is used up duri ng invertin g. Whenever the Freedom HF detects a battery voltag[...]

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    4–12 975-0390-01-01 Ta b l e 4 - 2 below illustrates the battery ch ar ging status as shown on the Stat us LED and display screen. Ta b l e 4 - 3 below illustrates the battery char ging voltage and current settings. T able 4-2 Battery Charging Status LED Status LED Display Screen Condition Solid GREEN FUL Battery is FULL. Flashing GREEN BUL — C[...]

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    Routine Maintenance 975-0390-01-01 4–13 Routine Maintenance Freedom HF Unit Minimal maintenance is re quired to keep your Freed om HF operating properly . Periodically you should: • Clean the exterior of the unit w ith a damp cloth to prevent the accumulation of du st and dirt. • Ensure that the DC cables are secure and fasteners are tight. ?[...]

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    5–1 5 T roubleshooting Chapter 5 describes how to troubleshoot the Freedom HF Inverter/Charger during operation. It covers the following: • General troubleshooting guidelines, • Common problems, • W arning messages, • T roubleshooting references, and • Inverter applications (loads).[...]

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    5–2 975-0390-01-01 General T roubleshooting Guidelines This section will help you narrow do wn the source of any problem you encounter . Before contacting Xantre x, please work through the steps listed below: 1. Check for any error codes displayed on th e display screen. If a message is displayed, record it before doing anything further . 2. As s[...]

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    General T roubleshooting Guidelines 975-0390-01-01 5–3 3. If your Freedom HF is not displaying an error code, check the following to make sure the present state of the installation allows proper operation: • Is the inverter located in a clean, dry , adequately ventilated place? • Are the battery cables adequate ly sized as recommended in the [...]

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    5–4 975-0390-01-01 Common Problems Buzz in Audio Equipment Some inexpensive stereo systems may emit a buzzing noise from their loudspeakers when operated from the Fre edom HF . This occurs because the power supply in the audio syst em does not adequately filter the modified sine wave produced by the inverter . The only solution is to use a sound [...]

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    Wa r n i n g M e s s a g e s 975-0390-01-01 5–5 W arning Messages W arning mes sages in the form of audible alarms and error codes that appear on the display panel sc reen to alert you to an impending system change. W arnings do not affect operation. W ith the exce ption of the error c od es displayed on the screen, only the audible alarm can be [...]

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    5–6 975-0390-01-01 E07 Over-temperature warning Inverting • Reduce the loads connected to the AC outlet of the un it. • Check that the ventilation grille is not blocked. • Check for ambient temperature and move the unit to a cooler location whenever possible. E08 not used E09 not used E10 High battery vo ltage (> 15.5 V) AC shore power ?[...]

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    Wa r n i n g M e s s a g e s 975-0390-01-01 5–7 For error codes E01 to E04 : • the unit will stop inverting, and • the display screen and the alar m will turn off after 30 seconds. For error codes E10 and E11 : • the unit will stop char ging, but • the error code will still show on the display screen and the alarm will remain on, and • [...]

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    5–8 975-0390-01-01 T roubleshooting Reference ELEXTRICAL SHOCK AND ENERGY HAZARD Do not disassemble the Freedom HF . It do es not contain an y user - serviceable parts. Attempting to service the unit yourself could Failure to follow these instructions can result in death or seri ous injury . result in an electrical shock or burn. T able 5-2 T rou[...]

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    T roubleshooting Reference 975-0390-01-01 5–9 No output vo ltage. The S tatus LED is green or yellow . GFCI has tripped or 15A supplementary breaker has tripped. Circuit breaker on the AC load panel or A C output disconnect has tripped. Battery voltage is too low (<10.5 Vdc) to start inverting. Display screen may show DC voltage as 00 . 0 . Ch[...]

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    5–10 975-0390-01-01 Inverter Applications The Freedom HF performs differently depending on the AC loads connected to it. If you are havi ng problems with any of you r loads, read this section. Resistive Loads These are the loads that the inverter finds the simplest and mos t efficient to drive. V oltage and current are in ph ase (i.e. in step wit[...]

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    Inverter Applications 975-0390-01-01 5–11 Motor Loads Induction mot ors (motors without brushes) requ ire two to six times their running current on start up. The most demanding are those that start under load (e.g. compressors and pumps). Of the capacitor start motors (typical in drill presses, band saws, etc.), the la rgest you can expect to run[...]

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    A–1 A Specifications Appendix A contains electrical performance information and product specifications. NO TE : Specifications are subjec t to change without notice.[...]

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    A–2 975-0390-01-01 Electrical Specifications: Inverter Mode DC Input Freedom HF 1000 Freedom HF 1800 Operating volt age range 10.5V–15.5V 10.5V–15.5V Safe non-operating v oltage range 0–16 Vdc 0–16 Vdc Normal voltage 12.5V 12.5V Nominal current at ful l load 100A 180A AC O u t p ut Freedom HF 1000 Freedom HF 1800 Output voltage 1 15 V ac [...]

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    Electrical Specifications: Charge Mode 975-0390-01-01 A–3 Electrical Specifications: Charge Mode A C Input Freedom HF 1000 Freedom HF 1800 Operating voltag e range 90–130 V ac 90–130 V ac Nominal current 5Aac at 20A charge, 120 V ac in 10Aac at 40A charge, 120 V ac in Nominal frequency 60 Hz 60 Hz DC Outp ut Freedom HF 1000 Freedom HF 1800 No[...]

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    A–4 975-0390-01-01 Environmental Specifications System Specifications Physical Specifications Regulatory Approvals Ambient T emperature: Operating T emperature Range Storage T emperature Range 0–40 ºC -20–60 ºC, with output derated abov e 25 °C -40–70 ºC Humidity: Operation/ Storage 5–95% RH, non-condensing T ransfer rela y rat i ng 3[...]

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    Inverter Overload Operation 975-0390-01-01 A–5 Inverter Overload Operation This graph shows how l ong (measured in seconds) the Freedom HF will operate for a given ou tput current (measured in Amps). Both Freedom HF 1000 and Freedom HF 18 00 are represented in the illustration below . The graph illustrates invert er operation at 25 °C. 10 12 14 [...]

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    A–6 975-0390-01-01 Invert P ower Derating vs . Ambient T emperatur e If the unit is in inverter mode and in elevated ambient temper ature abov e 25 °C, you will have to reduce power draw acco rding to the following chart to avoid over-t emperature shutdown. 0 Watts Freedom HF 1000 50 °C 25 30 35 40 45 1000 900 750 ~33 °C 30 °C 900 W 850 W 800[...]

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    Charger Output Current vs . AC Input V oltage 975-0390-01-01 A–7 Charger Output Curr ent vs . A C Input V oltage When the Freedom HF is char ging batteries from a weak shore power source the AC voltage may fall as the Freedom HF draws current. T o reduce the chance of the shore po wer voltage collapsing below the configured transfer level the Fre[...]

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    975-0390-01-01 WA–1 W arranty and Return Information W arranty What does this warranty cover and h ow long does it last? This Limited W arranty is provided by Xantrex T echnology USA Inc. (“Xantrex”) and covers defects in workmanship and materials in your Freedom HF Inverter/Char ger . This warranty period lasts for 12 Months from the date of[...]

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    W arranty and Return WA–2 975-0390-01-01 What does this warranty not cover? Claims are limited to repai r and replacement, or if in Xantrex's discretion that is not possible, reimbursement up to the purchase price paid for the product. Xantre x will be liable to you only for direct damages suf fered by you and only up to a maximum amount equ[...]

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    W arranty and Return 975-0390-01-01 WA–3 Return Material Authorization P olicy For those products that are not being repaired in the fiel d and are being returned to Xantrex, before returning a product directly to Xantrex you must obtain a Return Material Authorizati on (RMA) number and the correct factory “Ship T o” address. Products must al[...]

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    W arranty and Return WA–4 975-0390-01-01 Information About Y our System As soon as you open your Freedom HF Inverter/Charger packag e, record the followi ng information and be sure to keep your proof of purchase. If you need to contact Customer Service, please record the following details before call ing. This information will help our representa[...]

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    Xantrex Technology USA Inc. 1 800 670 0707 Tel toll free NA 1 408 987 6030 Tel direct 1 800 994 7828 Fax toll free NA customerservice@xantrex.c om www.xantrex.com 975-0390-01-01 Printed in China[...]