Xantrex Technology Freedom 458 manual


Go to page of

A good user manual

The rules should oblige the seller to give the purchaser an operating instrucion of Xantrex Technology Freedom 458, along with an item. The lack of an instruction or false information given to customer shall constitute grounds to apply for a complaint because of nonconformity of goods with the contract. In accordance with the law, a customer can receive an instruction in non-paper form; lately graphic and electronic forms of the manuals, as well as instructional videos have been majorly used. A necessary precondition for this is the unmistakable, legible character of an instruction.

What is an instruction?

The term originates from the Latin word „instructio”, which means organizing. Therefore, in an instruction of Xantrex Technology Freedom 458 one could find a process description. An instruction's purpose is to teach, to ease the start-up and an item's use or performance of certain activities. An instruction is a compilation of information about an item/a service, it is a clue.

Unfortunately, only a few customers devote their time to read an instruction of Xantrex Technology Freedom 458. A good user manual introduces us to a number of additional functionalities of the purchased item, and also helps us to avoid the formation of most of the defects.

What should a perfect user manual contain?

First and foremost, an user manual of Xantrex Technology Freedom 458 should contain:
- informations concerning technical data of Xantrex Technology Freedom 458
- name of the manufacturer and a year of construction of the Xantrex Technology Freedom 458 item
- rules of operation, control and maintenance of the Xantrex Technology Freedom 458 item
- safety signs and mark certificates which confirm compatibility with appropriate standards

Why don't we read the manuals?

Usually it results from the lack of time and certainty about functionalities of purchased items. Unfortunately, networking and start-up of Xantrex Technology Freedom 458 alone are not enough. An instruction contains a number of clues concerning respective functionalities, safety rules, maintenance methods (what means should be used), eventual defects of Xantrex Technology Freedom 458, and methods of problem resolution. Eventually, when one still can't find the answer to his problems, he will be directed to the Xantrex Technology service. Lately animated manuals and instructional videos are quite popular among customers. These kinds of user manuals are effective; they assure that a customer will familiarize himself with the whole material, and won't skip complicated, technical information of Xantrex Technology Freedom 458.

Why one should read the manuals?

It is mostly in the manuals where we will find the details concerning construction and possibility of the Xantrex Technology Freedom 458 item, and its use of respective accessory, as well as information concerning all the functions and facilities.

After a successful purchase of an item one should find a moment and get to know with every part of an instruction. Currently the manuals are carefully prearranged and translated, so they could be fully understood by its users. The manuals will serve as an informational aid.

Table of contents for the manual

  • Page 1

    Xantrex Freedom 458 Series Inverter/Charger Owner's Manual Freedom 458 10 15 20 25 30[...]

  • Page 2

    2 SAFETY SUMMAR Y Safety information for installation and operation is contained throughout this manual where it applies and is not included in this summary . Definitions: W arning statements identify conditions or practices which could result in personal injury , loss of life, damage to equipment or other property . Fuse Replacement For continued [...]

  • Page 3

    3 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Things Y ou Should Know . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Circuit Breaker Protection Thermostat Controlled Cooling Inverter Idle Circuit Low and High Battery Shutdown Power Sharing T emperature Sensitive Charging Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Optional Rem[...]

  • Page 4

    4 This owner ’s manual describes the Freedom 458 Series Inverter/Chargers from Xantrex. These units perform three distinct functions: 1. DC to AC power inverting. 2. Automatic transfer switching between inverter power and incoming AC power . 3. Automatic three-stage battery charging plus manual battery equalizing. • The inverter provides regula[...]

  • Page 5

    5 Circuit Breaker Protection The Freedom Inverter/Charger is supplemental breaker protected. The INVERT/CHARGE breaker on the front of the unit protects against sustained inverter/ charger over-current conditions. These breakers are reset by pushing the button back in. The output circuit breakers protect the output AC circuits. Models are available[...]

  • Page 6

    6 T emperature Sensitive Charging When the supplied battery temperature sensor is connected to the unit and the batteries, the charge voltage is controlled based on battery temperature. The charger adjusts the charge voltage to the best level, minimizing water loss in wet cell batteries. Charge voltage regulation optimizes the bat- tery life cycle.[...]

  • Page 7

    7 OPERA TION The Freedom 458 Inverter/Charger pro vides 120 volt AC power from auxiliary DC bat teries, automatic battery charging and automatic AC transfer switching between an external AC source and inverter mode. External AC Power When external AC power is available, the three-stage battery charger , transfer switching, and Power Sharing automat[...]

  • Page 8

    8 ST A TUS LEDs Each Status LED performs two functions, providing battery type selection and operation status. OPERA TION Operation Status INVERT - Green LED The INVERT push-button switch is located on the front of the unit. • When the LED is solid green, the unit is in invert mode. This occurs by pressing the INVERT switch for (three to five sec[...]

  • Page 9

    9 OPERA TION • When the LED is blinking slowly (once per second), an over-current condition or a short circuit has occured. The system has shut OFF and will not automatically restart. Correct the fault condition and manually restart the system. LOW BA TTER Y AND OVERTEMP/OVER- LOAD - Red LEDs • When both LEDs are blinking, an AC backfeed has be[...]

  • Page 10

    10 LINK 2000 The Link 2000 has the same features as the Link 1000, providing inverter/charger control and complete battery state of charge information. It monitors two battery banks. OPTIONAL REMOTE CONTROL P ANELS Freedom Remote Control Panel An optional remote control panel is available. The LED bar graphs on the remote control panel show battery[...]

  • Page 11

    11 BA TTERIES BA TTERY TYPES Use only deep-cycle batteries with your Freedom Inverter/Charger . These fall into three broad categories: wet cell, gel cell and Advanced AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) batteries. Wet Cell Batteries T rue deep-cycle wet cell batteries are characterized by relatively thick internal plates that are alloyed with antimony . Comm[...]

  • Page 12

    12 Beware of so-called maintenance-free batteries. These batteries have calcium alloyed with the lead and hold the liquid electrolyte in a sponge-like material. They are sealed and water cannot be added. Do not confuse them with true gel cell or AGM batteries—they will not hold up well to deep discharging and repeated cycling. Gel Cell Batteries [...]

  • Page 13

    13 Parallel Connecting two batteries in parallel will double the amp-hour rating of the battery bank, while the voltage will be the same as each individual battery . For example, two 12-volt 105 amp-hour batteries in parallel will produce one 12-volt 210 amp-hour battery bank. BA TTERIES Parallel Parallel Increase Amp-Hour Capacity EACH BA TTERY CA[...]

  • Page 14

    14 T o achieve 50% cycling you should calculate your amp-hour consumption between charging cycles and use a battery bank with twice that capacity**. Each AC appliance or tool has a rating plate on it and will be rated in either AC amps or watts or AC V A (volt-amps) apparent power . T o calculate amp- hour consumption, use one of the formulas to th[...]

  • Page 15

    15 Battery Charging Completely charging wet cell deep-cycle batteries requires the battery voltage to be raised beyond what is known as the gassing point. This is the voltage at which the battery begins to bubble and gas is given off. If charging stops short of this point, sulfate is left on the plates and deterioration of the battery begins. The g[...]

  • Page 16

    16 BA TTER Y CHARGING NOTE: Freedom battery chargers are ON whenever AC power is connected to the charger input. The charger can be turned OFF using the CHARGE switch on the front of the unit. This sequence will occur each time external AC power is available. The charger can be turned ON/OFF using the Remote Control Panel or Link Instrumentation. E[...]

  • Page 17

    17 Gel cell and Advanced AGM batteries can accept a higher rate of charge. Consult the manufacturer for specifications. Stage 2 - Acceptance Charge The acceptance stage immediately follows the bulk charge stage. During this stage the battery voltage is held constant at the bulk charge voltage limit and the current gradually ramps down. During this [...]

  • Page 18

    18 BA TTER Y CHARGING The equalizing charge is a timed, eight- hour cycle. The cycle can be ended early by interrupting the AC power to the charger at any time during the cycle. Equalizing should only be engaged after the batteries have been fully charged by a normal battery charging cycle. During this equalizing stage, the battery voltage will inc[...]

  • Page 19

    19 BA TTER Y CHARGING 1. Do not equalize gel cell batteries. Check remote default settings. 2. Always monitor the equalize charge cycle. Provide proper ventilation for battery fumes. Do not allow any sparks during equalizing. If one or more cells begin to overflow , terminate the equalize cycle. 3. Check the battery electrolyte both before and afte[...]

  • Page 20

    20 BA TTER Y CHARGER VOL T AGE SETTINGS P M E T 0 E P Y T 1 E P Y T 2 E P Y T 3 E P Y T l l e C t e W * 1 l e G * 2 l e G M G A F ° C °T P E C C AT A O L FT P E C C AT A O L FT P E C C AT A O L FT P E C C AT A O L F 0 2 1 9 45 . 2 15 . 2 10 . 3 10 . 3 10 . 3 10 . 3 19 . 2 19 . 2 1 0 1 1 3 46 . 3 17 . 2 15 . 3 10 . 3 10 . 4 14 . 3 19 . 3 19 . 2 1 [...]

  • Page 21

    21 CAUTION This equipment is not ignition protected and employs components that can produce arcs or sparks. T o reduce the risk of fire or explosions, do not install in unvented compartments containing batteries or flammable gasses or areas in which ignition-protected equipment is required. INST ALLA TION PRECAUTIONS For continued protection agains[...]

  • Page 22

    22 CAUTION Risk of electrical shock. Do not remove cover , no user serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to qualified service personnel. The Freedom 458 Inverter/Charger is appropriate for installation in recreational v e hicles (RV) and other applications. It is recommended that installation be completed by an authorized Xantrex technical deal[...]

  • Page 23

    23 9. Do not backfeed the AC output of the in- verter with incoming AC power . A backfeed occurs when AC power from shorepower or generator is connected to the output of the in verter . This will damage the inverter and void the warranty . Remember that incoming AC must be fed only to the AC input and never the AC output. Always check for AC voltag[...]

  • Page 24

    24 Do not connect incoming AC from any source to the AC output of the inverter/ charger . This is known as backfeeding and will damage the unit and void the warranty . The Over T emp/Overload and Low Battery LEDs will be blinking rapidly if this condition exists. W ARNING Grounding For safety purposes, the chassis of the inverter/charger must be co[...]

  • Page 25

    25 AC Wiring The AC wires route through the strain relief mounted in holes on the front of the unit. Use a screwdriver to remove the screws which secure the AC wiring compartment cover plate. Depending upon which model you have, there can be one or two AC inputs and one or two AC outputs within the AC wiring compartment. The labeling for the pigtai[...]

  • Page 26

    26 DC Wiring DC wiring is generally very simple, the positive (+, may be red for identification) and negative (-, may be black or yellow for identification) cables from the inverter/charger terminal posts are connected to the house or auxiliary battery . Connection to the engine starter battery is not recommended. High current will pass through the[...]

  • Page 27

    27 • Remove the positive (+) battery cable terminal cover from the unit and attach the battery cable. T ighten the battery terminal bolts to a torque value between 160 inch-pounds and 180 inch-pounds. Replace the cover for the positive terminal. The negative (-) cable should be connected directly to the negative post of the house or auxiliary bat[...]

  • Page 28

    28 COMPRESSION / RING TERMINAL INST ALLA TION Improper stack up of hardware will cause excessive heat and fuse failure. Stack up as shown. W ARNING Battery Cable Fusing A fuse is required by the NEC to protect the battery and cables. A UL Listed DC rated slow blow fuse must be installed in the positive (+) battery cable, within 18 inches of the bat[...]

  • Page 29

    29 INST ALLA TION Follow these instructions to ensure proper start up and confirm that the installation is correct. 1. Check to make sure Invert and Charge are OFF . The INVERT LED should not be illuminated, the CHARGE LED should be blinking (charger ready but no external AC power available). If using a Remote Control Panel or a Link Instrument, ma[...]

  • Page 30

    30 NOTE: For low power system shutdown mode, both the INVERT and CHARGE LEDs must be OFF . • T esting for backfeed. If a backfeed condition is indicated, disconnect from shorepower and disconnect the AC output wires on the inverter . Make sure the inverter is OFF . Apply shorepower and measure for voltage between the black and white wires that we[...]

  • Page 31

    31 TROUBLESHOOTING LED ST A TUS s u t a t S D E Ls u t a t S n o i t a r e p Os e t o N T R E V N IE G R A H CY R E T T A B W O LP M E T R E V O D A O L R E V O n e e r G d i l o Sn e e r G g n i k n i l BF F OF F Oo n t u b y d a e r r e g r a h C . g n i t r e v n I . e l b a l i a v a C A l a n r e t x e l a m r o N g n i k n i l B n e e r G n e[...]

  • Page 32


  • Page 33

    33 Alternating Current (AC) An electric current that reverses direction at regular intervals. Sources of alternating current are shore power , generator power , inverter power or household current. Ampere (Amp, A) The unit of measure of electron flow rate of current through a circuit. Ampere-hour (Amp-Hr ., Ah) A unit of measure for a battery’s e[...]

  • Page 34

    34 Equalize Charge A controlled overcharge of the batteries which brings all cells up to the same voltage potential, extends the battery life, restores capacity and mixes the electrolyte. This can only be done using the Freedom Remote Control Panel or a Link Instrument. Gel Cell Battery A type of battery that uses a gelled electrolyte solution. The[...]

  • Page 35

    35 SPECIFICA TIONS l e d o M) s e i r e S 8 5 4 ( 0 1) s e i r e S 8 5 4 ( * D 5 1 d n a 5 1) s e i r e S 8 5 4 ( * D 0 2 d n a 0 2s e i r e S 8 5 4 ( 5 2) s e i r e S 8 5 4 ( 0 3 r e b m u N t r a P 2 1 - 0 1 0 1 - 1 8- 0 2 5 1 - 1 8 d n a 2 1 - 0 1 5 1 - 1 8 2 1 - 0 2 0 2 - 1 8 d n a 2 1 - 0 1 0 2 - 1 8 2 1 2 1 - 0 1 5 2 - 1 82 1 - 0 1 0 3 - 1 8 [...]

  • Page 36

    36 W ARRANTY What does this warranty cover? This Limited W arranty is provided by Xantrex T echnology , Inc. (“Xantrex”) and covers defects in workmanship and materials in your Xantrex Freedom 458 Inverter/Charger . This warranty lasts for a W arranty Period of 30 months from the date of purchase at point of sale to you, the original end user c[...]

  • Page 37

    37 W ARRANTY What does this warranty not cover? This Limited W arranty does not cover normal wear and tear of the product or costs related to the removal, installation, or troubleshooting of the customer ’ s electrical systems. This warranty does not apply to and Xantrex will not be responsible for any defect in or damage to: a ) the product if i[...]

  • Page 38

    38 Warning: Limitations On Use Please refer to your product user manual for limitations on uses of the product. Specifically , please note that the Freedom 458 Inverter/Charger is not intended for use in connection with life support systems and Xantrex makes no warranty or representation in connection with any use of the product for such purposes. [...]

  • Page 39

    39 INST ALLA TION EXAMPLES Installation examples for the new Freedom 458 Series Inverter/Chargers Shorepower configurations: Systems with one 30 Amp single-phase shorepower source with optional generator Systems with two 30 Amp shorepower sources with optional generator Systems with a 50 Amp 120 V olt single-phase (3 wire) shorepower source with op[...]

  • Page 40

    40 Installation Option #1 for Freedom 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 The inverter is used in a Single Input / Single Output mode. Up to 30 Amps is transferred through the Freedom unit with the charger sharing power with all of the AC loads. In this installation example, a single 30 Amp shorepower source is available and all AC loads are supplied power thro[...]

  • Page 41

    41 Freedom 458 Installation Option 1 Freedom 458 Model 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 AC O utp ut AC I nput G roun d Bus Neu tra l B us In ve rt er AC Su b Pa ne l To In vert e r AC Lo ads 12 V D C B at t er y B ank Op tio nal Ge ner ator 30 A M ain B r eak er T r ans f er S w i tc h 30 A S hor ep ow er Cl a ss T Fu s e S ingl e In put / Sin gl e Ou t put 30 A[...]

  • Page 42

    42 Installation Option #2 for Freedom 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 The inverter is used in Single Input / Single Output mode. The AC loads are split be- tween main loads and ‘inverter loads’. The external sources of AC power can be a single 30 Amp shorepower source or a 30 Amp breaker from a panel fed by a 50 Amp 120 V olt single phase (3 wire) shore[...]

  • Page 43

    43 AC O utp ut A C In pu t G roun d Bus Ne u t ral Bus I n ve rt er A C S u b P a ne l To In ve r t e r AC Lo ads 12 V D C B at t er y B ank Cl a ss T Fu se S ingl e In put / Sin gle Ou tput 30 A mp T r an sf er S w i t ch P ower Sh a r es w i t h C harger. . * * Al ways co n s ult L o c a l an d Na ti o n al E l ec t ric al Co des fo r pr ope r w [...]

  • Page 44

    44 Installation Option #3 for Freedom 20 D/D, 25 D/D and 30 D/D The inverter is used in Dual Input / Single Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and ‘inverter loads’. The external sources of AC power can be two different 30 Amp shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate) or two 30 Amp breakers [...]

  • Page 45

    45 AC O utp ut 2 AC O utp ut 1 AC I nput 2 AC I nput 1 Gr o u n d Bu s Ne u t ral Bus C ap* O f f eac h w i re s ep ara te l y In ve rt e r AC Su b Pa n el To In ve r t e r AC Lo ads 1 2 VD C Ba tte r y Ba nk Cl a ss T Fu se Fr eed om 458 I ns ta ll at i on Op t i on 3 F r eed om 458 M o del 2 0 D/ D, 2 5 D/ D, 3 0 D/ D D ual Inpu t / S ing l e O u[...]

  • Page 46

    46 Installation Option #4 for Freedom 20 D/D, 25 D/D and 30 D/D The inverter is used in Dual Input / Dual Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and ‘inverter loads’. The external sources of AC power can be two different 30 Amp shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate) or two 30 A breakers from[...]

  • Page 47

    47 AC O utp ut 2 AC O utp ut 1 AC In put 2 AC In put 1 Gr ou nd B us N eut ral 2 Bu s In vert e r AC Sub Pa n e l L2 L1 1 2 VDC Ba tte r y Ba n k Cl a ss T Fu s e F re e do m 4 5 8 In st a l la tio n Op tio n 4 F r eed om 458 Mo del 2 0 D/ D, 2 5 D/ D, 3 0 D/ D D ual I npu t/ D ual Ou tput 30 Amp T r an sf e r o f t wo Le gs of pow er (60 Amps t ot[...]

  • Page 48

    48 Installation Option #5 for Freedom 15 S/D and 20 S/D The inverter is used in Single Input / Dual Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and two branch circuits containing ‘inverter loads’ (AC output 1 and AC out- put 2). The external sources of AC power can be a single 30 Amp shorepower source or a 30 Amp breaker from a panel[...]

  • Page 49

    49 AC O utp ut 2 AC O utp ut 1 AC I nput 1 1 2 VD C Batte r y Ba nk Cla ss T Fu se F re e d o m 4 5 8 Inst al la tio n O p tio n 5 F r eed om 458 M o del 1 5 S/D , 20 S/ D S i n gl e I n put/ Du al O utp ut 30 Amp T r a n sfer t hat P ower Shar es wi t h t he C har ger . 1 5 o r 20 S / D M odels a vai l able w i th 15/ 15, 15/ 20 or 20/ 20 Am p b r[...]

  • Page 50

    Xantrex T echnology Inc. T oll Free 1 800 670 0707 Direct 1 604 422 2777 Fax 1 604 420 2145 CustomerService@xantrex.com www .xantrex.com 445-0193-01-01 Rev . 2 Printed in the U .S .A.[...]