Xantrex Technology 10 manual


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Table of contents for the manual

  • Page 1

    Xantrex Freedom Marine Series Inverter/Charger Owner's Manual Freedom Marine 10 15 20 25 30[...]

  • Page 2

    2 SAFETY SUMMAR Y Safety information for installation and operation is contained throughout this manual where it applies and is not included in this summary . Definitions: W arning statements identify conditions or practices which could result in personal injury , loss of life, damage to equipment or other property . Fuse Replacement For continued [...]

  • Page 3

    3 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Things Y ou Should Know . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Circuit Breaker Protection Thermostat Controlled Cooling Inverter Idle Circuit Low and High Battery Shutdown Power Sharing T emperature Sensitive Charging Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 echo-charge . [...]

  • Page 4

    4 This owner ’s manual describes the Freedom Marine Series Inverter/Chargers from Xantrex. These units perform four distinct functions: 1. DC to AC power inverting. 2. Automatic transfer switching between inverter power and incoming AC power . 3. Automatic three-stage battery charging plus manual battery equalizing. 4. Multiple battery bank charg[...]

  • Page 5

    5 Multiple Battery Bank Charging Multiple battery bank charging is provided through additional output from the built-in echo- charge. The echo-charge is used to charge start or auxiliary batteries. This Digital echo- charge is current limited to 15 amps and follows the three-stage charge curve of the inverter/charger and battery setting of the hous[...]

  • Page 6

    6 Circuit Breaker Protection The Freedom Inverter/Charger is supple mental circuit breaker protected. The INVERT/ CHARGE breaker on the front of the unit pro tects against sustained inverter/ charger over-current conditions. This supplemental circuit breaker protects the output of the unit when operating in “Invert Mode” and protects the intern[...]

  • Page 7

    7 The Power Sharing set point of each unit has a factory default setting. This can be changed when using the Freedom or Link remote control panel. Refer to the Freedom Remote Control Panel or Link manual for information on Power Sharing setting and adjustment. T emperature Sensitive Charging (TSC) When the supplied battery temperature sensor is con[...]

  • Page 8

    8 Operation Status INVERT - Green LED • When the LED is solid green, the unit is in invert mode. This occurs by pressing the INVERT switch. • When the LED is blinking slowly (1 time per second), the inverter is in standby with AC power applied and the transfer switch engaged • When the LED is OFF , the inverter is OFF . CHARGE - Green LED •[...]

  • Page 9

    9 OPERA TION NOTE: When AC power is available, the default setting for the charger is ON. If the unit was manually turned OFF and AC power is interrupted and becomes available again, the charger will return to ON. LOW BA TTERY - Red LED • When the LED is OFF the battery voltage is normal, between 10.5 and 15.0 volts DC. • When the LED is solid [...]

  • Page 10

    10 OPERA TION Remote TSC Over-temp Low Battery Freedom Marine 20 When a Freedom or Link remote control panel is connected to the unit, the switch on the unit or on the remote may be used to turn the unit ON/OFF . If the unit is turned ON using the front panel switch and then turned OFF using a Remote or Link, the unit will not be completely OFF . I[...]

  • Page 11

    11 LINK 2000 The Link 2000 has the same features as the Link 1000, providing inverter/charger control and complete battery state-of-charge information. It monitors two battery banks. OPTIONAL REMOTE CONTROL P ANELS Remote Control Panel An optional remote control panel is available. The LED bar graphs on the remote control panel show battery voltage[...]

  • Page 12

    12 BA TTERIES BA TTERY TYPES Use only deep-cycle batteries with your Freedom Inverter/Charger . These fall into three broad categories: wet cell, gel cell and Advanced AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) batteries. Wet Cell Batteries T rue deep-cycle wet cell batteries are characterized by relatively thick internal plates that are alloyed with antimony . Comm[...]

  • Page 13

    13 Beware of so-called maintenance-free wet cell batteries. These batteries have calcium alloyed with the lead liquid. They are sealed and water cannot be added. Do not confuse them with true gel cell or AGM batteries—they will not hold up well to deep discharging and repeated cycling. Gel Cell Batteries Gel cell batteries are lead-acid batteries[...]

  • Page 14

    14 Connecting two batteries in parallel will double the amp-hour rating of the battery bank, while the voltage will be the same as each individual battery . Example, two 12 volt 105 amp-hour batteries in parallel will produce one 12 volt 210 amp-hour battery bank. BA TTERIES Parallel Parallel Increase Amp-hour Capacity EACH BA TTERY CAP ACITY: 105 [...]

  • Page 15

    15 T o achieve 50% cycling you should calculate your amp-hour consumption between charging cycles and use a battery bank with twice that capacity**. Each AC appliance or tool has a rating plate on it and will be rated in either AC amps or watts or AC V A (volt-amps) apparent power . T o calculate amp- hour consumption, use one of the formulas to th[...]

  • Page 16

    16 Battery Charging Completely charging wet cell deep-cycle batteries requires the battery voltage to be raised beyond what is known as the gassing point. This is the voltage at which the battery begins to bubble and gas is given off. If charging stops short of this point, sulfate is left on the plates and deterioration of the battery begins. The g[...]

  • Page 17

    17 BA TTER Y CHARGING Note : Freedom battery chargers are ON whenever AC power is connected to the charger input. The charger can be turned OFF using the CHARGE switch on the front of the unit. This sequence will occur each time external AC power is available. The charger can be turned ON/OFF using the Remote Control Panel or Link Instrumentation. [...]

  • Page 18

    18 Gel cell and Advanced AGM batteries can accept a higher rate of charge. Consult the manufacturer for specifications. Stage 2 - Acceptance Charge The acceptance stage immediately follows the bulk charge stage. During this stage the battery voltage is held constant at the bulk charge voltage limit and the current gradually ramps down. During this [...]

  • Page 19

    19 BA TTER Y CHARGING The equalizing charge is a timed, eight- hour cycle. The cycle can be ended early by interrupting the AC power to the charger at any time during the cycle. Equalizing should only be engaged after the batteries have been fully charged by a normal battery charging cycle. During this equalizing stage, the battery voltage will inc[...]

  • Page 20

    20 BA TTER Y CHARGER VOL T AGE SETTINGS P M E T 0 E P Y T 1 E P Y T 2 E P Y T 3 E P Y T l l e C t e W * 1 l e G * 2 l e G M G A F ° C °T P E C C AT A O L FT P E C C AT A O L FT P E C C AT A O L FT P E C C AT A O L F 0 2 1 9 45 . 2 15 . 2 10 . 3 10 . 3 10 . 3 10 . 3 19 . 2 19 . 2 1 0 1 1 3 46 . 3 17 . 2 15 . 3 10 . 3 10 . 4 14 . 3 19 . 3 19 . 2 1 [...]

  • Page 21

    21 Before beginning the installation of your Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger , read the owner ’ s manual. Disconnect all sources of AC and DC power to prevent accidental shock. Disable and secure all AC and DC automatic starting and disconnect devices. CAUTION This equipment is not ignition INST ALLA TION PRECAUTIONS protected and employs compone[...]

  • Page 22

    22 CAUTION Risk of electrical shock. Do not remove cover , no user serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to qualified service personnel. The Freedom Combi is appropriate for installation in recreational and commercial maritime applications. It is recommended that installation be completed by an authorized Xantrex technical dealer or experienced[...]

  • Page 23

    23 9. Do not backfeed the AC output of the in- verter with incoming AC power . A backfeed occurs when AC power from shorepower or generator is connected to the output of the in verter . This will damage the inverter and void the warranty . Remember that incoming AC must be fed only to the AC input and never the AC output. Always check for AC voltag[...]

  • Page 24

    24 Grounding For safety purposes, the chassis of the inverter/charger must be connected to your AC ground system. Use 8 A WG bare copper or green insulated wire, strip one end and use a screwdriver to secure it to the chassis ground bonding lug on the side of the unit. This wire will connect to the ground in your AC electrical system. Make sure the[...]

  • Page 25

    25 AC Wiring Determine which knockout(s) on the front or side panels will be utilized and remove them from the inverter . Note: Only remove the knockout you will use to route the AC wires, leaving the other knockout(s) intact. Install a strain relief in knockout holes. Depending upon which model you have, there can be one or two AC inputs and one o[...]

  • Page 26

    26 DC Wiring DC wiring is generally very simple—the positive (+, may be red for identification) and negative (-, may be black or yellow for identification) cables from the inverter/charger terminal posts are connected to the house or auxiliary battery . Connection to the engine starter battery is not recommended. High current will pass through th[...]

  • Page 27

    27 If multiple batteries are used, the interconnecting jumper cables should be the same A WG as those connected to the inverter/charger . If utilizing the echo-charge feature to charge starting or auxiliary battery banks, use 12 A WG to make the connection between the echo-charge output and the positive (+) terminal post of the auxiliary battery . [...]

  • Page 28

    28 FUSE HOLDER FUSE BA TTERY CABLE INVERTER CABLE FLA T W ASHER NUT LOCK WASHER COMPRESSION / RING TERMINAL INST ALLA TION Improper stack up of hardware will cause excessive heat and fuse failure. Stack up as shown. W ARNING EXPLODED VIEWS OF FUSE ASSEMBL Y Battery Cable Fusing A fuse is required by the NEC to protect the battery and cables. A UL L[...]

  • Page 29

    29 INST ALLA TION OPTIONS Installation Options Installation options 1, 2, 3, and 4 are the most commonly used applications involving specific shorepower connections, generator power options, and AC load configurations. Shorepower configurations: Systems with one 30 amp single phase shorepower source with optional generator Systems with two 30 amp s[...]

  • Page 30

    30 Dual In/Dual Out Configuration These diagrams are intended to be a visual representation of the AC power “path” through the Inverter/Charger with AC power applied to 1, 2, or both of the AC input connections. These dia- grams are meant only to show switching characteristics, and they are not intended to illustrate actual circuit components o[...]

  • Page 31

    31 INST ALLA TION OPTIONS Installation Option 1 for Freedom Marine 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 The inverter is used in a Single Input/Single Output mode. Up to 30 amps is transferred through the Freedom Marine unit with the charger sharing power with all of the AC loads. In this installation example, a single 30 amp shorepower source is available and al[...]

  • Page 32

    32 INST ALLA TION OPTIONS Installation Option 2 for Freedom Marine 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 The inverter is used in a Single Input/Single Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and inverter loads. The external sources of AC power can be a single 30 amp shorepower source or a 30 amp breaker from a panel fed by a 50 amp 120 volt single [...]

  • Page 33

    33 INST ALLA TION OPTIONS Installation Option 3 for Freedom Marine 25 and 30 The inverter is used in a Dual Input/Single Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and inverter loads. The external sources of AC power can be two different 30 amp shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate), or two 30 amp b[...]

  • Page 34

    34 INST ALLA TION OPTIONS AC Ou tput 2 AC Ou tput 1 AC In put 2 AC In put 1 Ground Bus Neutral Bus Cap* Off each wire separately Inverter AC Sub Panel To Inverter AC Loads 12 VDC Battery Bank Class T Fuse Freedo m Marine Insta llation Option 3 Freedom Mar ine Model 2 5, 30 Dual Input/ Single Output 30 A mp Tran sfe r Se pa rat e Ch arg e In pu t Po[...]

  • Page 35

    35 INST ALLA TION OPTIONS Installation Option 4 for Freedom Marine 25 and 30 The inverter is used in a Dual Input/Dual Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and inverter loads. The external sources of AC power can be two different 30 amp shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate), or two 30 amp bre[...]

  • Page 36

    36 INST ALLA TION OPTIONS AC Ou tput 2 AC Ou tput 1 AC In put 2 AC In put 1 Ground Bus Neutral 2 Bus Inverter AC Sub Panel L2 L1 12 VDC Battery Bank Class T Fuse Freedo m Marine Insta llation Option 4 Freedom Mar ine Model 2 5, 30 Dual Input/ Dual Output 30 Amp Transfer of two Legs of power (60 Amp total) AC ground and DC ground are shown connected[...]

  • Page 37

    37 INST ALLA TION CHECKS Follow these instructions to ensure proper startup and confirm that the installation is co r rect. 1. Check to make sure Invert and Charge are OFF . The INVERT LED should not be illuminated, the CHARGE LED should be blinking (charger ready but no external AC power available). If using a Remote Control Panel or a Link Instru[...]

  • Page 38

    38 • T esting for backfeed. If a backfeed condition is indicated, disconnect from shorepower and disconnect the AC output wires from the inverter . Make sure the inverter is OFF . Caution: Apply shorepower and measure for voltage between the black and white wires that were attached to the inverter output feeding the electrical panel or loads, not[...]

  • Page 39

    39 TROUBLESHOOTING LED ST A TUS s u t a t S D E Ls u t a t S n o i t a r e p Os e t o N T R E V N IE G R A H CY R E T T A B W O LP M E T R E V O D A O L R E V O n e e r G d i l o Sn e e r G g n i k n i l BF F OF F Oo n t u b y d a e r r e g r a h C . g n i t r e v n I . e l b a l i a v a C A l a n r e t x e l a m r o N g n i k n i l B n e e r G n e[...]

  • Page 40

    40 TROUBLESHOOTING m e l b o r Pk c e h C o t s g n i h T t u p t u O r e t r e v n I o N . s e i r e t t a b e g r a h C . s t l o v 0 1 w o l e b d a o l r e d n u e g a t l o v y r e t t a B . 1 . e s u f C D n w o l b r o h c t i w s y r e t t a b n e p o , s n o i t c e n n o c y r e t t a b e s o o L . 2 . e s u f e c a l p e r r o s n o i t [...]

  • Page 41

    41 Alternating Current (AC) An electric current that reverses direction at regular intervals. Sources of alternating current are shore power , generator power , inverter power or household current. American Boat & Y acht Council (ABYC) sets the standards for safe boating. Freedom Marine conforms to ABYC standards A-20 “Battery Charging Device[...]

  • Page 42

    42 Equalize Charge A controlled overcharge of the batteries that brings all cells up to the same voltage potential, extends the battery life, restores capacity and mixes the electrolyte. This can only be done using the Freedom Remote Control Panel or a Link Instrument. Gel Cell Battery A type of battery that uses a gelled electrolyte solution. Thes[...]

  • Page 43

    43 SPECIFICA TIONS 2 1 - 0 1 m o d e e r F2 1 - 5 1 m o d e e r F2 1 - 0 2 m o d e e r F2 1 - 5 2 m o d e e r F2 1 - 0 3 m o d e e r F r e b m u N t r a P 2 1 - 1 1 0 1 - 1 82 1 - 1 1 5 1 - 1 82 1 - 1 1 0 2 - 1 82 1 - 1 1 5 2 - 1 82 1 - 1 1 0 3 - 1 8 e g a t l o V y r e t t a B l a n i m r o N C D V 2 1C D V 2 1C D V 2 1C D V 2 1C D V 2 1 e g n a R[...]

  • Page 44

    44 W ARRANTY What does this warranty cover? This Limited W arranty is provided by Xantrex T echnology , Inc. (“Xantrex”) and covers defects in workmanship and materials in yo ur Xantrex Freedom Marine Inverter/Charger . This warranty lasts for a W arranty Period of 30 months from the date of purchase at po int of sale to you, the original end u[...]

  • Page 45


  • Page 46

    46 Return Procedure 1 . Package the unit safely , preferably using the original box and packing materials. Please ensure that your product is shipped fully insured in the original packaging or equivalent. This warranty will not apply where the product is damaged due to improper packaging. 2 . Include the following: • The RMA number supplied by Xa[...]

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  • Page 48

    Xantrex T echnology Inc. T oll free 1 800 670 0707 Direct 1 604 422 2777 Fax 1 604 420 2145 CustomerService@xantrex.com www .xantrex.com 445-0194-01-01 Rev . 2 Printed in the U .S.A.[...]