Xantrex Technology RS3000 manual


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Table of contents for the manual

  • Page 1

    RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charg er Operation Guide RS3000[...]

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  • Page 3

    RS3000 Sine Wave Inverter/Charger Operation Guide[...]

  • Page 4

    About Xantrex Xantrex T echnol ogy Inc. is a w orld-leading supplier of ad va nced power electronics and contro ls with prod ucts from 50 watt mobile units to one MW utility-scale systems for wind, solar , batteries , fuel cells , microturbines, and backup power applications in both gri d-co nnected and stand-alon e systems. Xan trex products inclu[...]

  • Page 5

    975-0170-01-01 iii About This Guide Purpose The RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Char ger Operation Guide provides explanations and procedure s for operating, configuring, and troubleshooting the RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger (RS3000). Scope The guide provides safety guidelin es and information about operating, configuring, and troubles hooting the [...]

  • Page 6

    About T his Guide iv 975-0170-01-01 Chapter 4, “T roubleshooting”, expl ains how to identify and solve problems that can occur with the RS3000. Appendix A, “Specifications”, provides electrical, physical, and performance specifications for the inverter/charger . Appendix B, “Battery Charging Re ference”, provides information on three-st[...]

  • Page 7

    About T his Guide 975-0170-01-01 v Symbols Used The following symbols are used on the product labels or in this guide. Related Information For related materials on this pro duct and its available accessorie s, see: RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Char ger Installation Guide (975 -0171-01-01 ) System Contr ol Panel Owner ’ s Guide (975- 0083-01-01) Aut[...]

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  • Page 9

    975-0170-01-01 vii Important Safety Instructions READ AND SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS The RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Char ger Operation Guide contains important safety instructions. Before you install and use your RS30 00 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger, be sure to read, understand and save these safety instructions and those in the other product guides. R[...]

  • Page 10

    Safety viii 975-0170-01-01 5. Do not operate the Inverter/Char g er if it has received a sharp blow , been dropped, or oth erwise damaged in any way . If the unit is damaged, see the “W arranty and Return Information” section in the RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Char ger Operation Guide . 6. Do not disassemble the Inverter/Charg er; it does not co[...]

  • Page 11

    Safety 975-0170-01-01 ix Explosive Gas Precautions 1. T o reduce risk of battery exp los ion, follow these instructions and those published by the battery manufacturer and manufacturer of an y equipment you intend to use in the vicinity of the battery . Review cautionary markings on these produ cts and on the engine. 2. This eq uipment contains com[...]

  • Page 12

    Safety x 975-0170-01-01 7. Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and watches when working with a lead -acid battery . A lead-acid battery can produce a short-circuit current high enough to weld a ring or the like to metal, causing a severe burn. 8. Never char ge a frozen battery . 9. If necessary to remove the battery , a[...]

  • Page 13

    975-0170-01-01 xi Important Safety Instructions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - vii 1 Introduction About the RS3000 Sine Wave Inverter/Charger - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–2 Premium Power and Ease of Use - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -[...]

  • Page 14

    Contents xii 975-0170-01-01 Faults and Warnings - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -2–14 Monitoring Status Messages on the Sy stem Control Panel - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2–14 System Modes - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [...]

  • Page 15

    Contents 975-0170-01-01 xiii Clear Faults - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–19 View Device Info - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–19 Basic Menu - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [...]

  • Page 16

    Contents xiv 975-0170-01-01 A Specifications Inverter Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A– 2 Charger Specifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A–3 Transfer and General Specifications - - - -[...]

  • Page 17

    975-0170-01-01 xv Figure 1-1 Typical Xanbus System Diagram - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–5 Figure 1-2 Front Panel of the RS3000 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1–7 Figure 1-3 Front Panel Lights and Buttons - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - [...]

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  • Page 19

    1 Intr oduction Congratulations on your purchas e of the RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger. The RS3000 has been designed to give you premium power , ease of use, and outstanding reliability . Please read this chapter to fami liarize yourself with the main performance and protecti on features of the RS3000.[...]

  • Page 20

    Introduction 1–2 975-0170-01-01 About the RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charg er The RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charg er is a convenient combination of an inverter , multistage battery char ger , and transfer switch in one electronic device. • As an inverter , the RS30 00 provides sine wave po wer for your microwave, entertainment system, computer[...]

  • Page 21

    Introduction 975-0170-01-01 1–3 How RS3000 W orks The RS3000 is designed to: •i n v e r t •c h a r g e • accept both split phase and dual input. See “Glossary” on page C–2 for a definition of these terms. W ith AC input available from the uti lity grid or a generator , power is passed through the RS3000 Sine W a ve Inverter/Charger to[...]

  • Page 22

    Introduction 1–4 975-0170-01-01 Charging The RS3000’ s charging functio n: • produces 150 amps to charge your batteries • equalizes flooded, lead acid batter ies. Built-in Charge Formulas For the unit to perform at the highest level, the batteries must be charged co rrectly . The RS3000 has optimized algorithms for flooded, gel, and AGM b a[...]

  • Page 23

    Introduction 975-0170-01-01 1–5 Xanbus System The Xanbus® system includ es the RS3000 and other Xanb us-enabled devices. The RS3000 is the device in a Xanbus system that typically provides network po wer—800 mA at 15 volts DC. All of t he Xanbus- enabled devices, such as the RS3000 , the System Control Panel (SCP), and the Automatic Generator [...]

  • Page 24

    Introduction 1–6 975-0170-01-01 Comprehensive Electr onic Protection RS3000 is approved to meet a numb er of safety standards including UL 458 and CS A C22.2 No. 107.1. S ee “Regulatory Approvals” on page A–5 for more information. RS3000 is equipped with nu merous protection features to ensure safe operation. Protection f eature This featur[...]

  • Page 25

    Introduction 975-0170-01-01 1–7 RS3000 F eatures Front P anel Features Before you begin to operate th e RS3000, review the front panel features shown in Figure 1-2 and described in T able 1-1. A detailed view of the lights and buttons on th e front panel i s shown in F igure 1-3 and describ ed in T able 1-2. Figure 1-2 F ront P anel of the RS3000[...]

  • Page 26

    Introduction 1–8 975-0170-01-01 Figure 1-3 F ront P anel Lights and Buttons T able 1-2 Description of F ront P anel Lights and Buttons Fe a t u r e D e s c r i p t i o n 1 External AC light illuminates when you are connected to an AC source like the utility grid or a generator and the AC is qualified. 2 Inverter ON light illuminates when the RS30[...]

  • Page 27

    Introduction 975-0170-01-01 1–9 Side P anel Featur es For your reference, the side panel feat ures with all connections completed is shown in Figure 1-4. CA UTION: Equipment Damage Connect only to other Xanbus compat ibl e devices. Although the cabling and connect ors used in this network sys tem are the s ame as Ethernet connectors, this network[...]

  • Page 28

    Introduction 1–10 975-0170-01-01 4 Dual network jacks provide connection for network-enabled devices. (The number of connections depends on you r layout. Y our connec tio ns may not be t he same as shown he re.) 6 Chassis ground point connects the chassis of the RS3000 to your system’ s chassis grounding point. 7 & 8 DC terminals – negati[...]

  • Page 29

    Introduction 975-0170-01-01 1–11 DC T erminal Covers and Battery T emperature Sensor DC T erminal Covers T wo covers are supplied to prevent accidental contact with the cabling connectors after installation. The re d cover is for the positive cabling terminal, and the black cover is for the negative cabling terminal. Battery T emperature Sensor T[...]

  • Page 30

    Introduction 1–12 975-0170-01-01 System Accessories and Network Components System accessories can be used with th e RS3000 in a Xanbus system. The System Control Panel (SCP) provid es configuration and monitoring capability for Xanbus-enabled devices such as the RS3000. Automatic Generator Start (AGS) automatically starts and stops your generator[...]

  • Page 31

    2 Oper ation Chapter 2, “Operation” contai ns detailed information and procedures for using your RS3000. If you’re using the Sy stem Control Panel to operate or monitor the status of the unit, also refer to the System Contr ol Panel Owner ’ s Guide . W ARNING: Restrictions on use RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger shall not be used in conne[...]

  • Page 32

    Operation 2–2 975-0170-01-01 Operating the RS3000 with the System Contr ol P anel The System Control Panel (SCP) provides operating, configuration, and monitoring capability for your Xanbus system. The System Control Panel: • Monitors activity thro ughout your onboard power system. • Displays the latest information ab out your inverter/charge[...]

  • Page 33

    Operation 975-0170-01-01 2–3 Using the System Control P anel The System Control Panel has importan t features which you’ll want to be familiar with, as shown in Figure 2-1 . Display screen System information is shown on the display screen with an adjustable backlight. Indicator lights Four indicator lights on the front panel indicate the op era[...]

  • Page 34

    Operation 2–4 975-0170-01-01 On Start Up When the RS3000 is powered up or has been reset, all of the front pane l lights illuminate and remain on for a minimum of five seconds. After five seconds, the lights remain illuminate d until the front pa nel has status information for all the lights. The RS3000 is disabled every time the unit is powered [...]

  • Page 35

    Operation 975-0170-01-01 2–5 System Start-up Check T o test inverting and char ging from the RS3000 fr ont panel: 1. Disconnect AC power from inverter input by opening the breake r or disconnect. Press the Inverter Enable button on the RS3000. The Inverter On light illuminates. 2. Place a load on the inverter . For example, plug a 100 watt light [...]

  • Page 36

    Operation 2–6 975-0170-01-01 Operating in Invert Mode Once the inverter/charg er is installed, you can operate it in invert mode. T o operate in invert mode from the fr ont panel: 1. Press the Inverter Enable button on the RS3000. 2. If external AC is present, the Exte rnal AC light illuminates. If AC is present and you want to operate the invert[...]

  • Page 37

    Operation 975-0170-01-01 2–7 Operating Limits for Inverter Operation Po w e r O u t p u t T emperature The continuous o utput rating for the RS300 0 is 3000 watts o r 25 amps at 120 volts AC. The RS3000 can deliv er this power in an ambient (surrounding) temperature up to 12 2 °F (50 °C). In higher ambient temperatures, if the loads draw full p[...]

  • Page 38

    Operation 2–8 975-0170-01-01 Operating in Char ger Mode T o operate the RS3000 in char ger mode from the fr ont panel: 1. Conn ect AC in put power . The char ger automatically starts up when qualified AC power is connected if the charger is enabled, or the char ger is disab led but the Force Charge enable override is On. See “Force Charge” on[...]

  • Page 39

    Operation 975-0170-01-01 2–9 Charg er Operation with Battery T emperature Sensor Since battery temperature is a key factor in correct charging, the char ging formula must be adjusted (automatically and in real time) according to the actual battery temperature to ensure that batteries are fully charged, but not overcharged. For this reason, Xantre[...]

  • Page 40

    Operation 2–10 975-0170-01-01 Operating in Equalization Mode Follow the battery manufacturer ’ s re commendations for equalizing your batteries. As a guide, a heavily used floo de d battery may need to be equalized once a month, and a battery in light service may only need to be equalized every two to four month s. Measure the specific gravity [...]

  • Page 41

    Operation 975-0170-01-01 2–11 Equalizing Batteries T o equalize your batteries: 1. Turn of f or disconnect all loads on th e battery . The voltage applied to the battery during equalization may damage your electronic equipment. As well, equ alization won’t proceed correctly if loads are dra w ing current from the battery . 2. Check electrolyte [...]

  • Page 42

    Operation 2–12 975-0170-01-01 Operating Limits for Char ger Oper ation The maximum output cu rrent for the RS3000 is 150 amps. Y ou can reduce the total output if you change th e “Max Chg Rate” setting on the RS3000 Advanced Menu or the ma ximum “Power Share”setting on the RS3000 Basic Menu . The char ger can o perate over an AC input ran[...]

  • Page 43

    Operation 975-0170-01-01 2–13 Monitoring the RS3000 Indicator Lights The ten indicator li ghts on the front panel show you th e operating status of the RS3000. A description of the lights is provided in T able 2-2. If none of the front panel lights are on, se e “T roubleshooting Reference” on page 4 –4. t T able 2-2 F ront P anel Lights Lig[...]

  • Page 44

    Operation 2–14 975-0170-01-01 F aults and W arnings A fault af fects the operation of the unit. A manual fault requires user intervention by clearing th e condition and then pr essing the Reset button on the inverter/charger ’ s front panel. See the System Contr ol Panel Owner ’ s Guide for information on clearin g faults from the System Cont[...]

  • Page 45

    Operation 975-0170-01-01 2–15 System Modes This section provides an overview of the four dif ferent system modes. The system modes described in this section affect the performance and behavior of the RS3000 and all other Xanbus-enabled devices on the Xanbus system. Y ou’ll have to change the system mode when travelling, putting your vehicle in [...]

  • Page 46

    Operation 2–16 975-0170-01-01 Operating Mode Characteristics In Operating mode, all comm unications are enabled on the Xanbus system. All power conversion func tions are enabled. Each Xanbus- enabled device is monitoring and communicating its input. The basic state of the System Cont rol Panel is Operating mode. In Operating mode, the System Cont[...]

  • Page 47

    Operation 975-0170-01-01 2–17 T o enter or exit Power Save mode: ◆ Press and hold the System button on the System Control Panel for one second. After you release the System button, the System Control Panel screen and indicator lights will turn of f. Y ou can also enter or exit Power Save mode on the System Settings menu by selecting Desired Mod[...]

  • Page 48

    Operation 2–18 975-0170-01-01 In Safe mode, the RS3000 continues to communicate, but the inverting and charging functions are disabled. When to use Use Safe mode when you are adding or removing devices from the network. Authorized se rvice personne l must also put the System Control Panel in Safe mode befo re performing software upgrades and diag[...]

  • Page 49

    Operation 975-0170-01-01 2–19 3. On the System Settings menu, with Desired Mode highlighted, press Enter . 4. Use the down arrow button to scroll thro ugh the other modes to select Safe mode. For more information on the diff erent system modes: Operating, Power Save, and Hibernate see “O peratin g in Invert Mode” on page 2–6. 5. Press Enter[...]

  • Page 50

    Operation 2–20 975-0170-01-01 Hibernate Mode Characteristics Hibernate mode removes network power from the System Control Panel and all Xanbus-enabled devices on the Xanbus system. The System Control Panel susp ends all operations (including starting a nd stopping the generator) until power is restored to the network. All Xanbus-enabled devices o[...]

  • Page 51

    3 Configur ation Chapter 3, “Configuration” cont ains information about all configurable settings a nd procedures for the RS3000. This chapter provides information on using the SCP to configure the RS3000 settings. Please refer to the System Contr ol Panel Owner ’ s Guide for detailed information on how to use the SCP .[...]

  • Page 52

    Configuration 3–2 975-0170-01-01 General Configur ation Information System Control Pa n e l The System Control Panel provides configurati on an d mon ito ring capability for all Xanbus-e nabled devices on the ne twork. All changes to the configuratio n of the RS3000 are made with the System Control P anel (SCP). See “Using the System Control Pa[...]

  • Page 53

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–3 System Menu Map Figure 3-1 provides a map of ho w th e System Control Panel screens and menus are organized. The order of devices appearing on the System Control Panel will vary , depending on the order in which they’ve been connected to the network. Figure 3-1 System Menu Map Startup screen Startup screen Power[...]

  • Page 54

    Configuration 3–4 975-0170-01-01 Vi ewing the System Screen The System screen displays system activity . The information appearing on the System screen varies with the status of the inverter/charger: Standby , Inverting, Charging, AC Bypass, Load Sense or Equalize. See “Modes” on page 3–10 for an explan ation of the dif ferent modes. For ex[...]

  • Page 55

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–5 Selecting the RS3000 from the Select Device Menu T o select the RS3000 fr om the Select Device menu: 1. W ith RS3000 highlighted , press Enter . The RS3000 menu appears, as shown in Figure 3-4. Y ou can view and change RS3000 settings from the device menu. The number of settings on the RS3000 me nu will depend on [...]

  • Page 56

    Configuration 3–6 975-0170-01-01 Selecting the RS3000 Advanced Menu RS3000 advanced menu lists stat us information and settings which require that you understand and p lan for the changes you make. Y ou may not have to adjust these settings as part of regular operation. The System Control Panel shows the RS3000 basic menu by default. If you would[...]

  • Page 57

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–7 3. Press Enter . 4. Select Ad v anced and press Enter . 5. Press Exit to return to Select Device menu. Returning to RS3000 Basic Menu Y ou can return to viewing the RS30 00 basic menu by selecting Basic Menu from the RS3000 advanced menu, as shown in Figure 3-7. Advanced menu items will no longer be visible on the[...]

  • Page 58

    Configuration 3–8 975-0170-01-01 Selecting and Adjusting the Configurable Settings Y ou can view or change RS3000 set tings from the RS3000 menu. Status information is not configurable. Conf igurable settings are indicated by square brackets [ ] an d can be adjusted. Follow these steps to change any RS3000 setting. 1. On the RS300 0 menu, use the[...]

  • Page 59

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–9 RS3000 Menu Structure An overview of the RS3000 menu structure is shown in F igu re 3-8. The System Control Panel displays th e RS 3000 basic menu and ad vanced menu. Figure 3-8 RS3000 Menu Structure — Overview[...]

  • Page 60

    Configuration 3–10 975-0170-01-01 RS3000 Device Menu The RS3000 device menu displays status information on the dif ferent modes of the inverter/charger . The firs t three or four lines of the device screen displays dynamic content that changes, depending on what mode that the RS3000 is in. Modes The first line on the device menu indicates which m[...]

  • Page 61

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–11 Battery The second line of the device screen indicates the status of the battery . This line displays the volts (V); curre nt (A) as either (+) positive amps (indicating that the battery is char gin g) or (–) negative amps (indicating the battery is discharging becau se you’re inverting); and battery temperat[...]

  • Page 62

    Configuration 3–12 975-0170-01-01 RS3000 Menu (Basic) The RS3000 basic menu indicates the status of items and lists settings that you may have to adjust on a routine basis. If advanced menu is en abled, scroll through t he RS3000 advanced menu items until Basic Menu is highlighted and press Enter . See “Returning to RS3000 Basic Menu ” on pag[...]

  • Page 63

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–13 Outcome If the AC is qualified, the char ger operates. If the AC is not qualified, then the char ger will not operate until AC qualifies. See “Force Charge” on page 3–23 for information on automatic char ging. P ower Shar e Configurable setting Power Share is a configurable setting that you set to match to [...]

  • Page 64

    Configuration 3–14 975-0170-01-01 Equalize Configurable setting This setting lets you enable or disable char ger equalization, i f the battery type is flooded (or wet). Equ alization can be turned on (enabl ed) or of f (disabled). The default se tting for equalize is Of f. When to use Review the section, “Operating in Equalization Mode” on pa[...]

  • Page 65

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–15 Selecting Y es takes you to the equalization system home screen, as show n in Figure 3-1 1. T able 3-2 provides an explanation of the content on the equalization system home screen. Figure 3-11 Equalization System Home Screen Menu Cancel Yes n/a 13.0V T able 3-2 Equalization Home Screen Content Equaliz ation Home[...]

  • Page 66

    Configuration 3–16 975-0170-01-01 If you choose Y es, the equalizatio n process is cancelled and you are returned to the RS3000 home menu. If you choose No, the equalization home screen as shown in Figure 3-1 1 appears. Batt T ype Full name Battery T ype Configurable setting Select the type of battery from flooded, custom, AGM , or gel. If a batt[...]

  • Page 67

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–17 Batt Size Full name Battery size Configurable setting This features let you select the size of the battery bank being char ged. Y ou can adjust the Battery Size settings as follows: When to use Adjust this setting to your actual battery bank size. Outcome Reduces the ma ximum charger current to protect against ch[...]

  • Page 68

    Configuration 3–18 975-0170-01-01 RS3000 Menu (Advanced) The advanced menu lists settings that provide you with additional control over RS3000. However , you may not ha ve to adjust these settings as part of regular operation. For a listing of advanced menu items, see “RS3000 Menu Structure — Overview” on page 3–9 . In addition to several[...]

  • Page 69

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–19 Equalize This feature is the same as describe d on the basic m e nu on page 3 –13. Load Sense Configurable setting This setting lets you enable (turn On) or disable (turn Off) the load sensing function. The default setting for this value is Off, as shown in the example. When to use Enable this settin g if you w[...]

  • Page 70

    Configuration 3–20 975-0170-01-01 Sub-Menus Configure Inv/Chg Menu (Configur e Inverter/Charg er Menu) Cfg/Inv Chg is a sub-menu. If selected, the following li st of sub-menu items appears. Max Chg Rate Full name Maximum charge rate Configurable setting The actual battery charge ra te is determined by two things: the battery bank size setting (C)[...]

  • Page 71

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–21 Lo DC V olt Full name Low DC input voltage shutdown Configurable setting This setting lets you set the low voltage shutdown le vel for the inverter . Y ou can adjust the Lo DC V olt settings as follows: When to use This setting limits the depth of dischar ge on your battery . Batt T ype This feature is the same a[...]

  • Page 72

    Configuration 3–22 975-0170-01-01 Sense Interval Configurable setting This setting lets you adjust the interval between load sense pulses. The longer the interval , the more power you will save. However , the longer intervals may cause delays in the inve rter powering up and starting your loads. For more informa tion on this feature, see “Load [...]

  • Page 73

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–23 Eqz V olts Full name Equalization voltage Configurable setting This setting lets you set th e desired equalization voltage. This menu is displayed only if charger equalization is enabl ed . Select a setting based on the battery manufacturer ’ s recommenda tion. For more information, see “Battery Char ging Ref[...]

  • Page 74

    Configuration 3–24 975-0170-01-01 Cfg A C Limits (Configure A C Limits) Lo A C V olt Full name Low AC Transfer volta ge (AC under voltage level) Configurable setting Low AC T ran sfer voltage is the volt age below whi ch the inverter/charger no longer qualifies AC as “good”, opens the relay , and attempts to transfer to Invert mode if I nvert[...]

  • Page 75

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–25 Lo A C Freq Full name Low AC transfer frequen cy (AC under frequency level) Configurable setting This setting lets you ad just the lowest frequency at which the inverter/charger no longer qualifies AC as “good” and attempts to transfer to invert mode. Y ou can adjust Lo AC Freq settings as follows: When to us[...]

  • Page 76

    Configuration 3–26 975-0170-01-01 Hi A C Freq Full name High AC transfer frequency (AC over frequency level) Configurable setting This setting lets you adjust the highest frequency at which the RS3000 no longer qualifies AC as “good” and transfers to Invert. Y ou can adjust Hi AC Freq settings as follows: When to use This setting lets you adj[...]

  • Page 77

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–27 V iew Device Info (View Device Information) If you select the V iew Device Info, the RS3000 Device Info menu appears, as shown in Figure 3-13, a nd allows you to view the Fault, W arning and Event logs and restore the default setting for the RS3000. On the menu, the scroll bar (the blac k rectangular shape on the[...]

  • Page 78

    Configuration 3–28 975-0170-01-01 View Event Log Display setting The Event log, sh own in Figure 3-14, displays the 10 most recent events. Events can include: • Changing the sy stem mode • Enabling or disabling the charger When to use The list provides useful information to a technical user about events on the system, including an event ID, a[...]

  • Page 79

    Configuration 975-0170-01-01 3–29 If you select continue, your settings will be restored to default. If you select cancel, your existing se ttings will be retained and the Device Info menu appears. Figure 3-15 Restore Defaults W arning continue cancel[...]

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  • Page 81

    4 T r oubleshooting The RS3000 is designed for high reliability of operation and has a number of protection feat ures to provide trouble free operation. If, howev er , you have any problems operating your inverter/charger read th is troubleshooting chapter . If you cannot resolve the probl em, record the necessary information on the form, “Inf or[...]

  • Page 82

    T roubleshooting 4–2 975-0170-01-01 F aults and W arnings When a fault or warning message appears, you can ac kn owledge the message to clear the screen. T o acknow le dge a fault or warning message, press the Enter button on the System Control Panel. This action does not clear the fault or warning condition, so you should consult T able 4-3 and [...]

  • Page 83

    T roubleshooting 975-0170-01-01 4–3 Wa r n i n g T y p e s There are two types of warnings: automatic and ma nual. When th e RS3000 detects a warning condition, it displays a warning message on the System Control Panel. T able 4-2 describes ho w they differ in their behavior and in how yo u can respond to them when they appear on the System Contr[...]

  • Page 84

    T roubleshooting 4–4 975-0170-01-01 Troubleshooting Refer ence This chapter provides you with troubleshooting tips to iden tify and solve most problems that can occur with the RS3000. This chapter is divided into the following four sections: Section P age Number General T roubleshootin g Guidelines See page 4–5. W arning Messages See page 4–7[...]

  • Page 85

    T roubleshooting 975-0170-01-01 4–5 General T roubleshooting Guidelines This section will help you narrow do wn the source of any problem you may encounter . Please rea d the following troubleshooting steps: 1. Check for a W arning or Fault mess age on the System Control Panel. See “W arning Messages” on page 4–7 and “Fault Message s” o[...]

  • Page 86

    T roubleshooting 4–6 975-0170-01-01 ❐ Is the battery temperature sensor an d its cable properly connecte d and undamage d? 5. Contact Xantre x Customer Servic e for further assistance. Please be prepared to describe details of yo ur system installation and provide the model and serial number of th e unit. See “Contact Information” on page v[...]

  • Page 87

    T roubleshooting 975-0170-01-01 4–7 W arning Messages W arning mes sages appear on the System Control Panel to alert you to an impending system change. Y ou can retr ieve and view the last ten warning messages using the control panel. The wa rnings ha ve been recorded with a time stamp to let you know the date and time that the warning appeared. [...]

  • Page 88

    T roubleshooting 4–8 975-0170-01-01 T able 4-3 provides a detailed description of the warning messages and solutions. T able 4-3 Wa r n i n g M e s s a g e s Wa r n i n g Number Message Wa r n i n g Ty p e C a u s e S o l u t i o n W0 FET1 over -temp. Check airflow around it. Automatic FET1 Over T emperature W arning Ensure adequate ven tilation [...]

  • Page 89

    T roubleshooting 975-0170-01-01 4–9 W9 Battery temp sensor not detected. Check connections. Automatic Battery T emperature Sensor Not Present Install a battery temperature sensor (BTS). This warning will continue t o display as long as no BTS is connected. W10 Battery temp sensor failure. Automatic Battery T emperature Sensor Shorted Replace batt[...]

  • Page 90

    T roubleshooting 4–10 975-0170-01-01 W501 I nv/Chg is t rying to fix a memory problem Manual Non-volatile memory warning Normal operation may ret urn or may go to fault. Push Reset button if normal operation do es not resume. T able 4-3 Wa r n i n g M e s s a g e s Wa r n i n g Number Message Wa r n i n g Ty p e C a u s e S o l u t i o n[...]

  • Page 91

    T roubleshooting 975-0170-01-01 4–11 Fa u l t M e s s a g e s When the RS3000 detects a fault condition, t he fau lt is displayed on the System Control Panel and also is in dicated by the illuminated red Fault light on the RS3000 front panel. A fault af fects the operation of the unit. See “Fault T ypes” on page 4–2 for an explan ation of t[...]

  • Page 92

    T roubleshooting 4–12 975-0170-01-01 T able 4-4 provides a detailed descrip tion of the fault messages and solutions. If you are unable to resolve the problem after referri ng to this table, contact your dealer or Customer Service. T able 4-4 Fa u l t M e s s a g e s Fa u l t Number Message Fa u l t Ty p e C a u s e S o l u t i o n F0 is too hot [...]

  • Page 93

    T roubleshooting 975-0170-01-01 4–13 F7 T oo many AC loads. T urn some off, clear fault, try again. Escalating Auto Fault. Must occur 3 times in 30 seconds before becoming a manual fault. AC Overload (PEAK CURRENT) Shutdown (AC OUTPUT) Clear the fault and attempt restart. Reduce AC loads. F8 has lost input neutral connection. See guide. Manual Ne[...]

  • Page 94

    T roubleshooting 4–14 975-0170-01-01 F14 Input AC too high. Check source, clear fault, try again. Automatic AC Over V oltage Shutdown (AC Lin e 2 input) Not applicable for RS3000 F15 Input AC too low . Check source, clear fault, try again. Automatic AC Under V oltage Shutdown (AC Lin e 2 input) Not applicable to RS3000. F16 AC input frequency pro[...]

  • Page 95

    T roubleshooting 975-0170-01-01 4–15 F24 Reset the RS3000. If problem persists, call customer service. Escalating Auto Fault. Must occur 3 times in 60 seconds before becoming a manual fault. AC Under V oltage Shutdown (Inverter AC output) Clear the fault and attempt restart. If problem persists, call customer service. F25 Reset the RS3000. If pro[...]

  • Page 96

    T roubleshooting 4–16 975-0170-01-01 F41 Reset the RS3000. If problem persists, call customer service. Manual Dead battery char ger timeout T ry restarting dead battery charging once. Then check the condition of the battery and replace if necessary . F64 Improper AC in. Reduce AC loads. See manual. Manual Neutral Over Current 1 C lear fault. Redu[...]

  • Page 97

    T roubleshooting 975-0170-01-01 4–17 Inverter Applications The RS3000 performs differently d epending on the AC loads connected to it. If you are having pro blems with any of your load s, read this section. Resistive Loads These are the loads that the inverter finds the simplest and most efficient to drive. V oltage and current are in phase, whic[...]

  • Page 98

    T roubleshooting 4–18 975-0170-01-01 Fluorescent Lights & P ower Supplies Some devices cannot be detected when scanned by Load Sense circ uitry . Small fluorescent lights are the most common example. Some computers and sophisticated electronics have power supplies that do not present a load until line voltage is available. When this occu rs, [...]

  • Page 99

    A Specifications Appendix A, “Specifications” contains the electrical and physical specifications for the RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/ Charger. All specifications are subject to change without notice.[...]

  • Page 100

    Specifications A–2 975-0170-01-01 Inverter Specifications All inverter specifications are at nominal conditions: am bient temperature of 77 °F ( 25 °C), 3000 watt resistive load, 12 volts DC inverting on the RS3000, 120 volts AC, unless othe rwise specified. T able A-1 Inverter Specifications Output wave form Sine wave T otal harmonic voltage d[...]

  • Page 101

    Specifications 975-0170-01-01 A–3 Charger Specifications All charging specifications are at nominal conditions: ambient temperature of 77 °F (25 °C), 1 20 V A C, 60 Hz input, unless otherwise specified. T able A-2 Charger Specifications Charging method • Three-stage charge (Bulk, Absorption, Float) • T wo-st age charge (Bulk, Absorption ) T[...]

  • Page 102

    Specifications A–4 975-0170-01-01 T ransfer and General Specifications All transfer specifications are at nominal conditions: ambient temperature of 77 °F (25 °C), 120 V AC, 60 Hz input, un less otherwise specified. T able A-3 T ransfer and General Specifications Environmental Specifications T able A-4 Environmental Specifications T ransfer tim[...]

  • Page 103

    Specifications 975-0170-01-01 A–5 Physical Specifications with Projections T able A-5 Physical Specifications Regulatory Approvals F an Operation The internal cooling fans are automatic temperature-controlled. The bottom fan is an ex haust fan and runs continuo usly . Length 16.19 inches (411 mm) W idth 14.20 inches (361 mm ) Height 8.1 inches (2[...]

  • Page 104

    Specifications A–6 975-0170-01-01 Invert P ower Derating vs Ambient T emperature The inverter/charg er delivers up to 3 000 watts conti nuous of sine wave output to 50 °C ambien t temperature and 2250 watts continuou s of sine wave output to 60 °C ambient temper ature, derated linearly from 50 °C to 60 °C. If the unit is in elevated ambient t[...]

  • Page 105

    B Battery Char ging Refer ence Appendix B, “Battery Charging Reference” describes the multistage charging algorithm (formula) of the RS3000.[...]

  • Page 106

    Battery Charging Reference B–2 975-0170-01-01 Charging Algorithms (F ormulas) Battery T ype RS3000 charges flooded (or wet) le ad-acid, gel, AGM (absorbe d glass mat), and custom batteries. See “Ba tt T ype” on page 3–16 for information on selecting your battery type. Flooded (or wet) Flooded (or wet) batteries have rem ov ab le battery cap[...]

  • Page 107

    Battery Charging Reference 975-0170-01-01 B–3 There is a fourth stage, equalization, which is initialized manually as it is only performed occasionally and on ly on flooded (or wet) batteries. Bulk Charge In the first stage—the bulk charge—R S3000 delivers its full-rated output current. This constant current is deli vered to the batteri es un[...]

  • Page 108

    Battery Charging Reference B–4 975-0170-01-01 Float Charge In the third stage—the float char ge —which is a maintenance mode, the output voltage of the char ger is redu ced to a lower level, typically about 13.5 (V F1 ) volts to maintain the battery’ s charge with out losing electrolyte through gassing. W ith AC reconnected during this st a[...]

  • Page 109

    Battery Charging Reference 975-0170-01-01 B–5 T wo-Stage Charging If the two-stage charge is enabled, the char ger finishes the absorption charge but does not go to float mode beca use some battery m anufacturers advise against floating their batteries. The RS3000 goes into a monitoring mode instead where the charger monito rs the batteries but d[...]

  • Page 110

    Battery Charging Reference B–6 975-0170-01-01 The numbers presented in T able B-1 and elsewhere in this guide are base numbers only and will vary with factors such as temperature compensation and battery type. Battery Charg er Interruption If battery charging is interrupted in bulk char ge (for example, AC is disconnected, or a fault occurs), the[...]

  • Page 111

    C T erminology This section provides a glossary of terms and a listing of abbreviations used in this guide.[...]

  • Page 112

    T erminology C–2 975-0170-01-01 Glossary Absorption Charge The second stage of three-stage battery charging. V oltage rema ins constant and current reduces as th e battery becomes charged. This ensures complete charging. Alternating Current (AC) The type of electrical power supp lied by t he power utility o r an AC generator . The unique characte[...]

  • Page 113

    T erminology 975-0170-01-01 C–3 DC Loads These loads are those that run of f a DC electrical system (battery). A few examples of DC loads are pumps, lights, fans, power vents, toilet, in verters, and some water heaters. DC loads rely on the batteries for power . Electrolyte The liquid found inside storage batteries. Electrolyte is a conductive me[...]

  • Page 114

    T erminology C–4 975-0170-01-01 Overload/Over-current Protecti on A control circuit designed to prot ect a device (wire, inverter or charger , for example) from load s exceeding its capacity . A fuse, for example, is an over -curren t protection device. A ll Xantrex inverters have internal circuitry to protect th emselv es from overload/over-curr[...]

  • Page 115

    T erminology 975-0170-01-01 C–5 W att Hour (W/h) Electrical power measured over a pe riod of time. One watt hour of electricity is equivalent to one watt of pow er bein g consumed for one hour . A 3-watt light o perated for 2 hours wo uld consume 6 Wh (watt hour) of electricity . V olt-amps (V A) A measure of the “apparent” power equival e n [...]

  • Page 116

    T erminology C–6 975-0170-01-01 Abbreviations Abbrev iation F ull name Definition A Ampere (Amps) See Glossary . AC Alternating Current See Glossary . AGM Absorbed Glass Mat A type of battery in which the electrolyte or battery fluid is contained in glass-fibre ma ts between battery plates. Ah Ampere hour (amp hour) See Glossary . ASC Authorized [...]

  • Page 117

    T erminology 975-0170-01-01 C–7 SOC State of charge Indicates the quantity of electrical energy stored inside a battery . UL Underwriters Laboratory A stan dards writing and certificati on body which t ests and approves products for regu lato ry compliance to internation a l standards. THD T otal Harmonic Distortion A measure of how pure or clean[...]

  • Page 118


  • Page 119

    975-0170-01-01 WA–1 W arr anty and Return Information Wa r r a n t y What does this warranty cover? This Limited W arranty is provided by Xantrex T echnology , Inc. ("Xantrex") and covers defects in workma nshi p and materi als in your RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Ch arger. This warranty period lasts for 36 months from the date of purcha [...]

  • Page 120

    W arranty and Return WA–2 975-0170-01-01 What does this warranty not cover? This Limited W arranty does not co ver normal wear and tear of the product or costs related to the removal, installat ion, or troubleshooting of the customer's electri cal systems. This warranty does not apply to and Xantrex will no t be responsible for any defect in[...]

  • Page 121

    W arranty and Return 975-0170-01-01 WA–3 REPRESENT A TIONS OR W ARRANTIES REGARDING THE USE OF THE XANTREX RS3000 S INE W AVE I NVERT ER /C HARGER IN CONNECTION WITH LIFE SUPPOR T SYSTEMS OR OTHER MEDICAL EQUIPMENT OR DEVICES. Please note that the RS3000 Sine W ave Inverter/Charger is not intended for use as an uninterruptible power supply and Xa[...]

  • Page 122

    W arranty and Return WA–4 975-0170-01-01 Out of W arr anty Service If the warranty period for your RS3000 Sine W ave Inve rter/Ch arger has expired, if the unit was dama ged by misuse or incorrect install ation, if other conditio ns of th e warranty have not been met, or if no dated proof of purchase is available, your inverter may be serviced or[...]

  • Page 123

    A absorption charge B– 3 AC knockout illustrated 1–9 locations of 1–7 AC wiring compartment access panel 1–7 AGM (absorbed glass mat) batteries B–2 B batteries AGM (absorbed glass mat) B–2 custom B–2 flooded B–2 gel B–2 wet B–2 battery damage, risk of B–2 battery temperature sensor charger operation 2–9 features 1–11 illus[...]

  • Page 124

    Index IX–2 975-0170-01-01 manual 2–14, 4–2 fault types 4–2 faults and warnings 4–2 FCC compliance A–5 regulations x firmware revision num ber, viewing 2–5 float charge B– 4 Force Charge, defined 3–23 front panel described 1–7 illustrated 1–7 front panel lig ht Absorption 2–14 Bulk 2–14 Charger ON 2–13 Equalize 2–14 Ext[...]

  • Page 125

    Index 975-0170-01-01 IX–3 system button described 2–15 illustrated 2–15 system check charging and inverting 2–5 System Control Panel buttons described 2–3 function of 2–2 illustrated 2–15 using 2–3 system menu map 3–3 system mode operate 2–16 power save 2–16 system screen, example of 3–4 T three-stage charging algorithm B–[...]

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    Xantrex Technology Inc. 1 800 670 0707 Tel toll free NA 1 360 925 5097 Tel direct 1 800 994 7828 Fax toll free NA 1 360 925 5143 Fax direct customerservice@xantrex.c om www.xantrex.com 975-0170-01-01 Printed in China[...]