Xantrex Technology 400 PLUS manual


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  • Page 1

    Owner’s Guide XPower Inverter 175 PLUS 400 PLUS 700 PLUS t 1-800-670-0707 (toll free) t 604-422-2777 f 604-420-2145 e customerservice@xantrex.com www .xantrex.com 400 PLUS model shown 445-0215-01-01 Printed in China 445-0215-98-01 REV . 1 DEC 12, 2002[...]

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    XP ower Inverter 175 Plus , 400 Plus , 700 Plus Owner’ s Manual[...]

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    ii About Xantrex Xantrex T echno logy Inc. is a world-leading sup plier of advanced p ower electronics and controls with products fr om 50 watt mobile units to 1 MW utility- scale systems for wind, solar , batteries , fuel ce lls, microturbines and backup power applications in both grid- connec ted and st andalone systems. Xantrex products include [...]

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    v T able of Content s 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 About the XPower Plus Inverters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 About This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2. Important Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Warnings and Cautions . . . . . .[...]

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    vi 5. Operating the XPower Inverter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Operating Conditions and Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 6. Maintaining Battery Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 7. Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Common Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [...]

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    7 1 Introduction Thank you for purchasing an XPow er Plus Inverter. The XPower 175 Plus, XPower 400 Plus, and XP ower 700 Plus are part of a family of ultra compact and highly portable power inverters from Xantrex T echnology Inc., the leader in high-frequency inverter design. About the XPower Plus Inverters Connected to the 12 volt outlet in your [...]

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    8 • Low battery alarm • Low voltage sh utdown • High voltage shutdown • Overload shutdown • Over temperature shutdow n • Short circuit protection About This Guide T o get the best performance from your XPower invert er , Xantrex recommends that you read this guide before co nnecting and using the inverter , and then save it for future r[...]

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    9 2 Import ant Safet y Information Misusing or incorrectly connecting the XPower may damage the equipment or create hazardous conditions for users. Read the following safety instruction s and pay special attention to all Caution and Wa r n i n g statements in the guide. Wa r n i n g s identify conditions that may result in personal in jury or loss [...]

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    10 Wa r n i n g ! Heated Surface The XPower housi ng may become uncomfor tably warm, reaching 140° F (60° C) under extended high power operation. Ensure that at least 2 inches (5 cm) of air surround the inverter . During operation, keep it away from materials that may be af fected by high temperatures. Wa r n i n g ! Explosion Hazard. Do not use [...]

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    11 Caution! Some chargers for small nickel-cadmium batteries can be damaged if connected to the XPower. Do not use the inverter with the following appliances: • Small battery-operated appliances like rechargeable flashlights , some rechargeable shavers, and night lights that are plugged directly into an AC receptacle to rechar ge. • Battery cha[...]

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    12 Additional Safety Guidelines • Do not insert foreig n objects in the XPower outlet s. • Never connect the inverter to pow er utility AC distribution wiring. • Do not use the XPower in temperatures over 104° F (40° C). • Do not expose the XP ower to water , rain, snow , or spray . Failure to follow these safety guideli nes may cause per[...]

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    13 3 XPower Features This section describes the main f eatures of the XPower inverters. AC (Front) Panel Figure 1 shows the AC panel of the XPower 175 Plus invert er . Figure 1 AC Panel of XPower 1 75 Plus 1 2 3 4[...]

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    14 Figure 2 shows the AC panel of the XPower 400 Plus and XPower 700 Plus inverters. Figure 2 AC Panel of XPower 4 00 Plus and XPower 7 00 Plus AC Outlets XPower 175 Plus An AC receptacle is lo cated on one end of the XPower 175 Plus. Y ou can plug in any 120-volt appliances with a combined total power co nsumption of 150 watts or less when the inv[...]

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    15 XPower 400 Plus T wo AC receptacles are located on one end of the XPower 400 Plus. Y ou can plug in any 120-volt appliances with a combined total power co nsumption of 320 watts or less when the inverter is turned on. XPower 700 Plus T wo AC receptacles are located on one end of the XPower 700 Plus. Y ou can plug in any 120-volt appliances with [...]

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    16 V entilation Openings T o prevent overheating, ensure that the ventilation openings on the front and back panel s are kept clear . DC (Back) Panel Figure 3 shows the DC panel of the XPower 175 Plus invert er . Figure 3 DC Panel of XPower 1 75 Plus[...]

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    17 Figure 4 shows the DC panel of the XPower 400 Plus and XPower 700 Plus inverters. Figure 4 DC Panel of XPower 4 00 Plus and XPower 700 Plus Fan and V entilation Openings: The cooling fan on the XPower 400 Plus and XPower 700 Plus units are designed to operate only when output power is greater than approximately 100 watts. When the inverter is tu[...]

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    18 Positive and Negative Cabling T erminals: For XPower 400 Plus and XPower 700 Plus, y ou connect the ring terminals on the power cables to these terminal s. T o ensure correct polarity , red must be connected to red and black must be connected to black. Figure 5 Lighter Plug Ca ble 2 3[...]

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    19 Figure 6 Cable for Direct Conne ction to 12 V olt Battery Caution! The XPower 175 Plus can not power loads over 150 watts, so it is not equipped with cabling term inals and can not be run from a 12 volt b attery .[...]

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    20 Types of Connections Product Lighter Plug Connectio n Cable Clamps/Battery Connection XPower 175 Plus A vailable - A cable is permanently atta ched to the inverter . Figur e 5 . Not A vailab le XPower 400 Plus A vailable - Y ou must connect a separate lighter plug cable (included). Figure 5 . A vailable - Y ou must connect a separ ate cable clam[...]

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    21 4 Connecting the XPower Plus Inverters Choosing a Location For the best performance, place th e inverter on a flat surface in a location that is: Caution! The XPower must o nly be co nnected to a battery that has a nominal output of 12 volts. It will not operate if connected to a 6 volt battery and may be damaged if connected to a battery with 1[...]

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    22 Dry Do not allow water o r other liquids to splash on the inverter . Cool Ambient temperatures should be between 32° F and 104° F (0° C and 40° C) - the cooler the better within this ra nge. Keep the inverter away from heating vents. W ell ventilated Allow at least 2 inches (5 cm) of clearance all around the inverter , and keep the ventilati[...]

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    23 Connecting the XPower 175 Plus and XPower 400 Plus for Loads Under 150 W att s Follow these steps to connect th e XPower 175 Plus or XPower 400 Plus inverter: 1. Place the inverter on a flat surface like the floor of your vehicle. 2. Make sure the On/O ff switch on the front panel is off. 3. The XPower 175 Plus has a power cord with lighter plug[...]

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    24 4. Place the inverter ’ s lighter plug in the vehicle’ s cigarette lighter socket or a 12 volt outlet. 5. T urn on the front panel On/Off switch. The green POWER light indicates th at the XPower is operating normally and that AC power is available at the outlet. 6. Plug in the AC appliance you want to op erate. 7. If you disconnect the batte[...]

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    25 Follow these steps to make a direct battery connection: 1. Place the inverter on a flat surface. 2. Make sure the On/O ff switch on the front panel is off. Wa r n i n g ! Batteries contain corrosive materials and present an electrical shock hazard. T o prevent irritation and burns, wear protective eyew ear and clothing when you install the inver[...]

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    26 3. T ake the cables equipped wi th battery clips on one end ( Figure 6 ) and place the ring terminals over the two cabling terminals on the back of the in verter . (The cabling terminals are shown in Figure 4 .)) Caution! Reverse Polarity Power connections of th e 12 volts DC battery t o the XPower must be positive to positive and negative to ne[...]

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    27 4. Fasten the positive (red) clip to the positive battery post, and then fasten the negative (black) clip to the negat ive battery post. 5. T urn on the front panel On/Off switch. The green POWER light indicates that AC power is available at the outlets and that the in verter is operating normally . 6. Plug in the AC load s you want to operate. [...]

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    28 5 Operating the XPower Inverter This section explains how to operate the XPower 175 Plus, XPower 400 Plus and XPower 700 Plus most efficiently. Operating Conditions and Guidelines This section describes normal operation as well as conditions th at trigger an alarm or automati cally shut down the XPower. Normal Operation When you connect the inve[...]

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    29 Overload Shutdown If you connect an AC load that is rated too high (see T able 1 on page 30) or a load that draws excessive surge power , the XPower shuts down. The red FA U LT light comes on. Over T emperature Shutdown The XPower shuts down automatically if it exceeds its safe ope rating temperature. The red F AUL T light comes on . High Input [...]

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    30 T able 1 Power and Surge Ratings The inverter ’ s AC (“modified-sine wave”) out put waveform, is designed to function similarly to the sine wave shape of ut ility power . Most AC products correctly rated for the power rating maximums listed above or less w ill operate norm ally with the XPower inverter . Inverter 5 minute Max. Power Rating[...]

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    31 Operating Loads With High Surge Requirements The power , or wat tage, rating of AC loads is the average amount of power they use. Some applia nces consume more power than their power rating when they are first turned on . TVs, monito rs, and electric motors are some products that have high surge requirements at start up. The XPower inverters can[...]

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    32 6 Maint aining Battery Condition The battery operating ti me of th e XPower depends on the charge level of the battery , battery capacity , and the amount of power drawn by the AC loads you are op erating. W ith a typical vehicle battery , you can expect the following: T able 1 Battery Operating T imes Here are some guidelines that will help to [...]

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    33 battery wil l shorten its li fe. Th erefore, when you are using a vehicle battery as a power so urce, start the vehicle every hour or two to recharge the battery . • The XPower will operate while the engine is ru nning, but the voltage drop that occu rs when th e engine starts may trigger a low voltage shutdown. • V ehicle batteries are desi[...]

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    34 7 T roubleshooting This section will help you identify the so urce of most problems that can occur with the XPower inverter . If you have a problem with the inverter , please review this section before contacting Xantrex Customer Service. If you are unable to solve a problem and n eed to contact Xantrex, please prepare for the call by writin g d[...]

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    35 Common Problems Buzz in Audio Systems Some inexpensive stereo systems have inadequate internal power supply filtering and buzz slig htly when powered by the XPower. The best solution is to use an audio system with a goo d quality filter . Wa r n i n g ! Electrical Shock and Burn Hazard Do not dismantle the XPower . It does no t contain any user [...]

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    36 Television Interference The XPower is shielded to minimize interference with TV signals. If TV signals are weak , you may see interference in the form of lines scrolling across the screen. Tr y one of these suggestions to minimize or elimin ate the problem: • Use an extension cord to in crease the distance between the XPower and the TV , anten[...]

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    37 The AC load will not operate. No inverter light s are on. Inverter will run some small loads, but not larger ones. Possible Cause Suggested Remedy Battery is defective. Chec k battery and replace if required. The inverter has been connected with reverse DC input polarity . Check connection to battery . The inverter has likely been damaged and ne[...]

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    38 Measured inverter out put is too low . Alarm is sounding. Possible Cause Suggested Remedy A standard “average-reading” AC voltmeter has been used to measure output voltage, resulting in an apparent reading 5-15 volts too low . For accura te measurement, the XPower modified sine wave output requires a “true RMS” voltmeter for accurate mea[...]

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    39 Battery run time is less than expected. The AC load will not o perate. The F AUL T light is on. Possible Cause Suggested Remedy The AC product power consumption is higher than rated. Use a larger batte ry to make up for the increased power requirement. The battery is old or defe ctive. Replace the battery . The battery is not being charged prope[...]

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    40 The AC product(s) connected are rated at less than the inverte r ’ s continuous power rating; high starting surge has caused overload shutdown. The product exceeds the inverter’ s surge capability . Use a product with a starting sur ge power within the XPower’ s capability . Battery is discharged (alarm is sounding). Recharge battery . The[...]

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    41 8 Specifications Specifications are subject to change without notice. T able 1 XPower Plus S pecifications XPower 175 Plus XPower 400 Plus XPower 700 Plus AC output voltage (nominal) 120 volts AC 120 volts AC 120 volts AC DC input voltage range 10–15 volts DC 10–15 volts DC 10–1 5 volts DC Continuous AC output power 150 watts 320 watts 560[...]

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    42 XPower 175 Plus XPower 400 Plus XPower 700 Plus Efficiency (maximum) 90% 90% 90% Ambient operating temperature range 32° F – 104° F 0° C – 40° C 32° F – 104° F 0° C – 40° C 32° F – 104° F 0° C – 40° C Low battery alarm (nominal) 10.7 volts 10.7 volts 10.7 volts Low battery shutdown (nominal) 10.0 volts 10.0 volts 10.0 vol[...]

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    43 9 Limited W arranty What does this warranty cover and how long does it last? This Limited W arranty is provi ded by Xantrex T echnology , Inc. (“Xantrex”) and covers defects in workmanship and materials in your XPower Plus Inve rter. This warranty lasts for a W arranty Period of 1 (one) year from the date of purchase at point of sale to you,[...]

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    44 Period or 90 days from the date of th e return shipment to the customer , whichever is greater . Al l replaced products and all parts removed from repaired products become the property o f Xantrex. Xantrex covers both parts and labor necessary to repair the product, and return shipment to the customer via a Xantrex-selected non-expedited surface[...]

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    45 Direct returns may be performed according to the Xantrex Return Material Authorization Policy desc ribed in your product manual. For some products, Xantrex maintains a network of reg ional Authorized Service Centers. Ca ll Xantrex or check our webs ite to see if your product can be repaired at one of these facili ties. In any warranty claim, dat[...]

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    46 1. the product if it has been misuse d, neglected, impr operly installed, physically damaged or a ltered, either internally or externally , or damaged from improper use or use in an unsuitable environment; 2. the product if it has been subj ected to fire, wa ter , ge neralized corrosion, biol ogical infestati ons, and high input voltage from lig[...]

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    48 Exclusions If this product is a consumer produc t, federal law does not allow an exclusion of implied warranties. T o the extent you are entitled to implied warranties under federal law , to the extent permitted by applicable law they are limited to the duration of this Limited W arranty . Some states and provinces do not allow limitat ions or e[...]

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    49 Return Material Authorization Policy Before returning a product directly to Xantrex you must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number and the correct factory “Ship T o” address. Products must also be sh ipped prepaid. Product shipments will be refused and returned at your expense if they are unauthorized, returned without an RMA n[...]

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    50 2. Include the following: • The RMA number supplied by Xant rex T echnology Inc. clearly marked on the ou tside of the box. • A return address where the unit ca n be shipped. Po st office boxes are not ac ceptable. • A contact telephone number where you can be reached durin g work hours • A brief description of the problem Ship the unit [...]

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    51 Out of Warranty Service If the warranty period for your XPower Plus Inverter has expired, if the inverter was damaged by misuse or incorrect installation, if other conditions of the warranty have no t be en met, or if no dated proof of purchase is available, your inverter may be serv iced or replaced for a flat fee. T o retu rn your XPower Plus [...]