Xantrex Technology PS3.0 manuale d’uso

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Prima di tutto, contiene la risposta sulla struttura, le possibilità del dispositivo Xantrex Technology PS3.0, l'uso di vari accessori ed una serie di informazioni per sfruttare totalmente tutte le caratteristiche e servizi.

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Sommario del manuale d’uso

  • Pagina 1

    Xantrex Prosine TM 2.5 and 3.0 Inverter/Charg ers Installation and Operation Guide PS2.5 PS3.0[...]

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    [...]

  • Pagina 3

    Prosine TM PS2.5 Inverter/Char g er PS3.0 Inverter/Char ger Installation and Operation Guide[...]

  • Pagina 4

    About Xantrex Xantrex T echnology Inc. is a world-leading supplier of a dvanced power electron ics and controls with products from 50 watt mobile units to one MW util ity-scale systems for wind , sola r, batteries, fuel cells, microturbines, and backup power applications in both grid-connected and standalone systems. Xantrex products include invert[...]

  • Pagina 5

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide i IMPORT ANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS This manual contains important safety and opera ting instructions as prescribed by UL and CSA specifications for inverter/chargers. This manual covers PS 2.5 and PS 3.0, 12- and 24-volt model inverter/chargers. General Safety Precautions 1. READ AND SA VE THESE INS[...]

  • Pagina 6

    ii Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 12. W ARNING—RISK OF EXPLOSIVE GASES a) W ORKING IN THE VICIN ITY OF A LEAD-ACID BATTERY IS DAN- GEROUS. BATTERIES GENERATE EXPLOSIVE GASES DURING NORMAL BATTERY OPERATION. BEFORE INST ALLING OR USING YOUR INVER TER/CHARGER, READ THIS MANUAL AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS EXACTL Y . b) This equi[...]

  • Pagina 7

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide iii Materials List Materials List Y our Prosine Inverter/Charger package includes the following items. (See the illustration on pag e v. ) 1. Prosine inverter/charger 2. Control panel with fasteners 3. Control panel communicatio ns cable 4. Red & black DC terminal covers 5. Installation and Op[...]

  • Pagina 8

    iv Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide System / Inst allation Information Before you call Customer Service, please record the fol lowing informatio n about your system. It will help our staff to give you better service. p Serial Number (This is on the side of the Prosine). p T ype of installation (e.g., R V , Boat, Home). p Date of [...]

  • Pagina 9

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide v Materials List Figure 1. Inverter/Charger Components[...]

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    vi Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide vii W arranty W arranty What does this warranty cover? This Limited W arranty is provided by Xantrex T echnology , Inc. ("Xantrex") and covers defects in workmanship and materials in your Xantrex Prosine 2.5/3.0 Inverter/ Charger . This warranty lasts for a W arranty Period of 24 months [...]

  • Pagina 12

    Disclaimer viii Pro sine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide a) the product if it has been misused, neglected, improperly installed, physically damaged or altered, either internally or externally , or damaged from improper use or use in an unsuitable environment; b) the product if it has been subjected to fire, water , generalized corrosion,[...]

  • Pagina 13

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide ix W arranty W arning: Limit ations On Use Please refer to your product user manual for limitations on uses of the product. Specifically , please note that the Xantrex Prosine 2.5/3.0 Inverter/Charger is not intend ed for use in connection with life sup port systems and Xantrex makes no warran ty [...]

  • Pagina 14

    Return Procedure x Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide xi Content s Important Safety Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i Materials List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii W arranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[...]

  • Pagina 16

    Contents xii Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide System Information Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Version Information Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Faults Display & Reset Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [...]

  • Pagina 17

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide xiii Conten ts Mounting to the Negative Battery Terminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Mounting to the Side of the Battery Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 T ypical System Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[...]

  • Pagina 18

    Contents xiv Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [...]

  • Pagina 19

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 1 Section 1: Features Congratulations on your purchase of the Prosine inverter/charger . The Prosine inverter/char ger uses advanced high-frequency sw itching technology in the power conversion process. The circuits are similar to those used in power supplies for comp uters and other modern electr[...]

  • Pagina 20

    Inverter Features 2 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Battery T emperature Shut Down When using the battery-temperature sensor , the charger will shut down if it detects excessively high or low battery temperatures. If battery temperature exceeds 50°C (122°F), or falls below -15°C (5°F), the charger will shut down. Adjustable [...]

  • Pagina 21

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 3 Section 1: Features Over -Curr ent Pr otection When the AC loads connected to the Prosine inverter/charger exceed 50 amps, the inverter will instantaneously reduce the outpu t voltage until the lo ads on the inv e rter are reduced. If the overload continues, the inverter wi ll shut down. The uni[...]

  • Pagina 22

    Inverter Features 4 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 5 Section 2: Controls and Indicators Prosine 2.5 inverter/chargers feature DC input and output connectors, an AC terminal block, a DIP switch panel for custom configuration, three accessory jacks, an LED control panel for the PS2.5 and an ACS panel for PS3.0, an LCD control panel, a cov er for the[...]

  • Pagina 24

    AC Bypass Selector 6 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide you to remotely mount the standard and/or the ACS control panels, described later in this section of this manual. AC Byp ass Selector The small slide switch located between the Batt T emp jack and the Remote Ou tput jacks is the AC Bypass selector switch. The default position [...]

  • Pagina 25

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 7 Section 2: Controls and In dicators St andard LED Control Panel The Prosine inverter/charger is supplied with a control panel that can be mounted into an instrument panel, bulkhead or wall. The standard control panel is used to report information about Prosine operating parameters and the extern[...]

  • Pagina 26

    St andard LED Control Panel 8 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Battery St atus Indicator The Battery Status LED Display includes two vertical series of LEDs that indicate the battery voltage and current. A conversion table enables yo u to estimate the AC output from the invert er by th e DC current. Battery V oltage Indicator Thi[...]

  • Pagina 27

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 9 Section 2: Controls and In dicators Fault LED This LED flashes on-and-off during an error condition from which the unit will automatically recover and restart when the condition is remedied. The FAULT LED will be lighted steadily when any error occurs from which the inver ter/charger cannot auto[...]

  • Pagina 28

    St andard LED Control Panel 10 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Power Indicator A green LED labeled UTILITY/SHOREPOWER (INCOMING) lig hts whenever AC power is supplied to the AC INPUT connectors on the inverter/charger . Throughout this manual, the term “shorepower” refers to the presence of AC power at the AC INPUT connector[...]

  • Pagina 29

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 11 Section 2: Controls and In dicators Mounting and Inst alling the LED Control Panel Y ou can install the LED Control Panel in a convenient lo cation up to 5 0-feet from the Prosine in verter/ charger unit. This can be extended up to 100-feet with an appropriate extension cable of the same type. [...]

  • Pagina 30

    ACS Control Panel 12 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide ACS Control Panel The Advanced Control System (ACS) panel features a two-line 16-character liquid crystal display (LCD) that enables you to monitor and control your Prosine inverter/charger from a remote location. It comes standard with a 50-foot (15-metre) four -cond uctor te[...]

  • Pagina 31

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 13 Section 2: Controls and In dicators Liquid Cryst al Display Y ou can cycle the LCD panel through a menu tr ee of items that provide both system display information and adjustable parameters. Some display screens allow you to set configuration parameters. The following diagram and tables will he[...]

  • Pagina 32

    ACS Control Panel 14 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Menu Navigation Procedure T o navigate through the menu and select parameters: 1. Press the S or T keys to scroll up or down through the menu; 2. Press the ENTER key to enter a menu; 3. Press the S or T key to scroll to the desire menu item; 4. If the menu item you select incl[...]

  • Pagina 33

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 15 Section 2: Controls and In dicators AC Information Menu AC Information menus include AC input and outp ut voltage, AC input and output current (amperage), and one configuration parameter: breaker size. The menu flow is shown below: Breaker size is a user configuration item. Press the ENTER key [...]

  • Pagina 34

    ACS Control Panel 16 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Battery Information Menu This menu displays the current configuration settings associated with the battery s ystem. These parameters include battery type, size, and temperat ure. See “Section 3: Configuration” for detailed information about these configurat ion parameters.[...]

  • Pagina 35

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 17 Section 2: Controls and In dicators Charger Information Menu The Charger menu displays the char ging status and en ables you to determine if an equalization request is enabled. A char ger override request is also available at this menu. See “Section 6: Multistage Charging” (page 59) for a d[...]

  • Pagina 36

    ACS Control Panel 18 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide System Information Menu The System Information menu displays the current system startup mode, audible alarm mode, last system fault number , chassis temperature at four areas in the inverter/charger , and the system buss voltage. All except the system startup mode and audi ble[...]

  • Pagina 37

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 19 Section 2: Controls and In dicators V ersion Information Menu The V ersion Informatio n menu displays the version number of the software used in th e ACS, an d the version number of the two main internal microprocessors used in the Prosine inverter/char ger . VERSION No. OF THIS DISPLA Y : X SE[...]

  • Pagina 38

    Faults Display & Reset Button 20 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Fault s Display & Reset Button Fault LED This LED flashes on-and-off during an error condition from which the unit will auto matically recover and restart when the condition is remedied. The FAULT LED wil l be lighted steadily when any error occurs from whi[...]

  • Pagina 39

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 21 Section 2: Controls and In dicators Power Indicator A green LED labeled “ UTILITY/SHOREPOWER (INCOMING) ” lights whenever AC power is supplied to the AC INPUT connectors on the inverter/charger . Throughout this manual, the term “shorepower” refers to the presence of AC power at the AC [...]

  • Pagina 40

    Mounting and Installing the ACS Control Panel 22 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Mounting and Inst alling the ACS Control Panel Y ou can install the ACS Control Panel in a convenient location up to 50 feet from the Prosine inverter/ charger unit. For flush mount installat ion onto a wall, bulkhead, or panel, the remote pane l re[...]

  • Pagina 41

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 23 Section 2: Controls and In dicators Battery T emperature Sensor The temperature sensor continuously measures th e temperature of the battery and adjusts charger output for a more accurate, temperature-compensated charge. Figure 4. Battery T emperature Sensor Feature Description c Mounting plate[...]

  • Pagina 42

    Battery T emperature Sensor 24 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

  • Pagina 43

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 25 Section 3: Configuration This section explains how to c onfigure the Prosine inverter/charger to best meet your electrical system requirements and get maximum performance using the DIP switches located on the side of the unit. Y ou will need a pen or other fine-pointed instrument to adjust the [...]

  • Pagina 44

    DIP Switch Settings 26 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide SWITCH BANK 1 (SW1) Battery T ype Switch 1 c UP Flo oded DOWN Gel Not used Switch 2 Switch 3 Switch 4 Battery T emperature Switch 5 and Switch 6 c UP c UP W arm, usually 50–80 °F / 10–27 °C DOWN UP Cold, usually below 50 °F / 10 °C UP DO WN Hot, usually above 80 °F [...]

  • Pagina 45

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 27 Section 3: Configuration SWITCH BANK 2 (SW2) Audible Alarm Switch 1 c UP Audible signals enabled Max AC Current Draw DOWN Audible signals disabled Switch 2 Not Used Breaker Rating (Amp s) AC service rating Maximum DC Charging A mps PS 2.5 PS 3.0 Switch 3 Switch 4 12V 24V 12V 24V c UP c UP 10 A [...]

  • Pagina 46

    ACS Configuration 28 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide ACS Configuration The ACS Control Panel enables you to configure the Prosine inverter/charger to your particular installation. All of the ACS Control Panel menus (except V ersion Information) contain one or more configurable parameters. Each configuration parameter is discusse[...]

  • Pagina 47

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 29 Section 3: Configuration ACS Configuration Considerations ACS Configuration settings override the DIP switch settings discussed above. If your unit has been configured using the ACS control panel, it will retain these configuration settings even after the ACS has been disconnected. The physical[...]

  • Pagina 48

    ACS Configuration Conside rations 30 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide AC (Shorepower) Configuration Only one configurable parameter is found in the AC Informatio n menu : breaker size. An AC circuit breaker must be installed in the AC supply circuit (shorepower) leading to the Prosine inverter/ charger . Specifying the size of th[...]

  • Pagina 49

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 31 Section 3: Configuration Battery Configuration The Battery Information menu ha s three configuration parameters: Battery T ype, Battery Size, and Battery T emperature. All of these parameters have an ef fect upon the optimal charging regime. For a comprehensive discussi on about batteries, see [...]

  • Pagina 50

    ACS Configuration Conside rations 32 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide BA TTERY INFO: TYPE: FLOODED BA TTERY INFO: SIZE: 75Ah ENTER BA TTERY INFO: TYPE: GEL BA TTERY INFO: SIZE: 2000Ah ENTER[...]

  • Pagina 51

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 33 Section 3: Configuration Inverter Configuration All the items on the Inverter menu are configuration parameters. The first two items are Load Sense parameters. The remaining items are high- and low-voltage alarms and cut-off settings. See “Prosine Inverter Load Sense Mode‚” on page 56 for[...]

  • Pagina 52

    ACS Configuration Conside rations 34 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide The voltage range for these alarms and cutoffs is generally set at the factory at the absolute minimum and maximum, as shown in th e illustration above for 12 -volt systems. Example: Lo Cutof f = 10.0V , Hi Cutoff = 16.0V , Range = 10.0 to 16.0 volts DC. The ta[...]

  • Pagina 53

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 35 Section 3: Configuration is normal. The audible alarm will be silenced after a few moments, the LEDs will stop flashing, and the EQUALIZE LED will be lighted. ENTE R EQUALIZE IS NOW: ENABLED EQUALIZE IS NOW: Ð DISABLED HIT AN ARROW KEY system will Ð ... HIT AN ARROW KEY now receive Ð ... HIT[...]

  • Pagina 54

    ACS Configuration Conside rations 36 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide System Configuration The System Information menu contains two configurati on items: System Startup Default and Audible Alarm. Both are user configuration items and are selected by pressing ENTER . System St artup Default Y ou can set the initial pow er-up confi[...]

  • Pagina 55

    Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 37 Section 4: Inverter/Charger Inst allation This section describes the tools and materials required, the appropriate location and environment for mounting the inverter/charger , AC an d DC cabling, a nd step-by -step instructions to install the unit. A number of diagrams for various types of installatio [...]

  • Pagina 56

    Installation Overview 38 Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 4. Select an appropriate mounting location. The Pros ine must be mounte d vertically on a bulkhead or wall with the AC and DC connect ors on the bottom. The Prosine is a solid- state electronic device and must be located in an appropriate environment. (Refer to “Where to Install[...]

  • Pagina 57

    Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 39 Section 4: Inverter/Charger Installation 13. T ighten the cable clamps and secure the cables to the wall or bulkhead to prevent unnecessary strain on the connections. Repl ace the cover over the AC connection block. 14. Connect a cable from the Chassis GND terminal on the inverter to earth ground for o[...]

  • Pagina 58

    Designing the Installation 40 Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide Designing the Inst allation All installations of the Prosine in verter/charger system share many common components, described briefly in this section. AC & DC cabling, circuit breakers, fuses, and distribution panels are more fully described in following sections. The fig[...]

  • Pagina 59

    Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 41 Section 4: Inverter/Charger Installation gauge number indicates a smaller wire diameter (for example: a 2 A WG cable is smaller than a 00 A WG cable). Under the MCM standard, a larger number indicates a lar ger cable (example: a 350 MCM cable is lar ger than a 250 MCM cable). W ire size is usually mark[...]

  • Pagina 60

    T ools and Materials Re quired 42 Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide T ools and Materials Required Y ou will need the following tools and materials to properly install the Prosine inverter/charger: p W i re insulation stripper p Mounting screws or bolts (#12 or #1 4) p #2 (¼-inch) flat blade screwdriver p Small Phillips screwdriver p 17mm[...]

  • Pagina 61

    Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 43 Section 4: Inverter/Charger Installation W ARNING Explosion hazard: This equipment contains components which tend to produce arcs or sparks. T o prevent fire or explosion do not inst all the Prosine inverter/charger in compartments containing batteries or flammable materials or in locations which requi[...]

  • Pagina 62

    Mounting the Prosine Inverter/Ch arger 44 Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide Mounting the Prosine Inverter/Charger The inverter must be mounted on a vertical surface as shown. Before mounting the Prosine inverter/charger , test the chosen location for adequate space around the unit to allow for connections, ventilation and access to config[...]

  • Pagina 63

    Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 45 Section 4: Inverter/Charger Installation AC Cabling AC wiring must be sized to match the current rating of the AC breakers you provide on the input and output AC circuits in accordance with the electrical codes or regulations applicable to your installation. The input and output circuits to and from th[...]

  • Pagina 64

    DC Cabling 46 Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide DC Cabling DC wiring includes the positive and negative conductors from the battery(s) as well as a disconnect device and over-current protection. Locate your battery(s) as close as possible to your inverter (or vice-versa) to reduce energy losses caused by cable resistance. Cables should be[...]

  • Pagina 65

    Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 47 Section 4: Inverter/Charger Installation For best performance, the wire sizes shown in the table below will allow the Prosine to operate properly . Please note that regulatory requirements may not allow you to use the wire size given for 5 foot and 10 foot dist ances. Al so, increasing the wire size wi[...]

  • Pagina 66

    Recommended DC Cable Sizes For Proper Operatio n 48 Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide DC Cabling Procedure CAUTION Reversing the positive and negative battery cables will damage the Pr osine inverter/ charger and void your warranty . This type of damage is easily detected. Before making the final DC connection, check cable polarity at bot[...]

  • Pagina 67

    Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 49 Section 4: Inverter/Charger Installation 8. If you are using the remote temperature sensor , plug it into the temperature sensor jack (BA TT TEMP) on the side of the Prosine inverter/charger chassis. Route the sensor wire safely to the battery lo cation and mount the sensor's ring tongue connecto [...]

  • Pagina 68

    Connecting the Bat tery T emperature Sensor 50 Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide • Attaching the sensor to the side of the battery using the self-adhesive backing also provides good results in most situations. Mounting to the Negative Battery T erminal T o mount the sensor on th e negative battery terminal: See Figure 5 . Figure 5. BTS [...]

  • Pagina 69

    Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 51 Section 4: Inverter/Charger Installation 7. Check that the sensor and all wires are fastened securely . 8. T urn the battery switch on ag ain (if you opened it in step 2). 9. Route the sensor cable to the inverter/charger and plug it into the BA TTER Y TEMP jack. Secure the cable along its length. Moun[...]

  • Pagina 70

    T ypical System Diagrams 52 Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide T ypical System Diagrams Every installation is a custom-desi gned system. It could be a resid ential, solar , marine, or R V installation with an almost unlim it ed number of variations. The followi ng diagrams illustrate a few typical system designs for residential, solar , an[...]

  • Pagina 71

    Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide 53 Section 4: Inverter/Charger Installation Recreational V ehicle System The diagram below illustrate s a typical R V system with the following components: 1. AC power supplied from a shorepower connector 2. AC power supplied from a generator 3. AC Source Selector switch that isolates the two AC supply so[...]

  • Pagina 72

    T ypical System Diagrams 54 Pr osine Installation & Operation Guide Residential Solar and Wind System This diagram illustrates a residential system that features the following components: 1. AC power from utility lines 2. Main AC distribution center with 30-amp circuit breaker feeding the inverter/char ger 3. Inverter/charger 4. AC sub-panel di[...]

  • Pagina 73

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 55 Section 5: Operation After all the AC and DC wiring has been installed, you can follow the instructions below to perform the initial startup. First, take a moment to go back ov er all connections and make sure they are secure and in the proper terminal. If the system utilizes flooded lead-acid [...]

  • Pagina 74

    Prosine Inverter Load Sense Mod e 56 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Prosine Inverter Load Sense Mode When the inverter is ON, it can be set up so that it periodically searches for the presence of a load. The unit will “sleep” if the load it detects is less than the search mode setting. This “sleep” mode shuts off much o[...]

  • Pagina 75

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 57 Section 5: Operation Input V oltage: The Prosine inverter/charger operates from an input voltage ranging from 10 volts to 16 volts, (20 to 32 volts on 24V mo dels) and peak pe rformance occurs when voltage is in the range of 12 volts to 13 volts (24 to 26 volts on 24V models) as shown in the fo[...]

  • Pagina 76

    Operating Limits for Inverter Operation 58 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

  • Pagina 77

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 59 Section 6: Multist age Charging The Prosine inverter/charger has a fully functional multistage batter y char ger . Any time an acceptable (within frequency and voltage parameters) AC sour ce is presented to the unit, it will charge the batteries connected to it. When AC is present and the char [...]

  • Pagina 78

    Charging Profile 60 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide limit, based on battery size settings, charging moves on to the next stage. For flooded batteries, the absorption charge is maintained for approximately one more hour . The absorption charge stage restores the remaining 25% of the battery’ s charge. Float Charge The float cha[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 61 Section 6: Multistage Charging Operation in Charger Mode W ARNING Explosion hazard : During charging, the battery may generate potentially explosive gases. Follow all the Important Safety Instructions that start on page i. V entilate the area around the battery thoroughly and ensure that there [...]

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    Operation in Equalization Mod e 62 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide battery electrolyte level. Fill only with dist illed water if the electrolyte level is low . Use a battery hydrometer to measure specific gravity of each cell. For lead-acid batteries that are fully charged, the reading should be approximat ely 1.265 (consult you[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 63 Section 6: Multistage Charging switch to the GEL position even if they use starved-electroly te techn olog y rather than gelled electrolyte technol ogy . Battery Size Selection: Given the wide variety of potential in stallations, the size of the battery bank used with the Prosine inverter /char[...]

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    Operating Limits for Charger Operation 64 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Battery Charging and Equalization Guide The following table lists several pop ular batteries by brand an d type, and provides ch arging and equalization guid elines: Manufactur er Model Flooded/ Gel Comments Tr o j a n All deep cycle flooded Set to FLOODED[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 65 Section 6: Multistage Charging GNB St ow - away Set to FLOODED. Set to Cold for all ambient temps Battery is fully charged at a specific gravity of 1.285. This is a calcium/lead type battery and requires a higher charging voltage than normal. If performance is poor , this battery will likely ne[...]

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    Operating Limits for Charger Operation 66 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 67 Section 7: Batteries This section of the manual is included to help you be tter understand the factors invo lved with battery charging, care, and maintenance, by discussing the physical make-up and characteristics of chemical storage batteries. This is not intended to be an exhaustive discussio[...]

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    Ty p e s 68 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Y our Prosine inverter/charger is designed to be used with deep-cycle, lead-acid batteries. These batteries are designed for deep discharge service where they will be repeatedly charged and discharged. This type of battery is often labeled as a marine, recreational vehicl e, or golf ca[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 69 Section 7: Batteries Sealed Gel Cell Another type of deep-cycle battery construction is the sealed gel-cell. They don’ t use removable battery caps. The electrolyte is in the form of a gel rather than a liquid. The sealed construction allows the batteries to be mounted in any posi tio n with [...]

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    Battery Bank Sizing 70 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Insulated battery enclosures also ensure that the temperatures of the individual battery cells are more consistent, preventing unequal char ging which can cause battery failure (some cells will be overcharged while others are undercharged). The batteries should also be prote[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 71 Section 7: Batteries HOURS. This can then be easily converted to an estimate of the battery amp-hours that the appliance requires: BA TTER Y AMP-HOURS USED = AC W A TT -HOUR S / 10 (for a 12-volt battery), or BA TTER Y AMP-HOURS USED = AC W A TT -HOUR S / 20 (for a 24-volt battery) For example,[...]

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    Estimating Battery Requi rements 72 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide When sizing your battery , be conservative, and resist the temptation to skip the last (multiply by 2) step of this calculation. More capacity is better since you will have more reserve capacity , be better able to handle large loads and surge loads, and your ba[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 73 Section 7: Batteries Monthly Battery Maintenance W ARNING W ear appropriate attire and eye protection. Use caution when working with metal tools around batteries. Do not allow any metal object to come into contact with b oth battery terminals at the same time. Battery explosion or failure can o[...]

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    Monthly Battery Maintenance 74 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Equipment p W ater ho se with spray nozzle or 5-gallon watering bucket p Empty spray bott le p Old clothing p Eye protection p Rubber gloves Supplies p Baking soda (always keep a supply on hand in the event of a spill) p Wa t e r p Hand cleaner or soap p To w e l p A[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 75 Section 7: Batteries Cables Inspect all battery cables for missing or damage d insulation or loose connections. Inspect any openings through which the cables pass. En su re that all such openings are equipped with a rub ber grommet or conduit to prevent chafing the cable. If necessa ry , replac[...]

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    Cabling & Hook-up C onfigurations 76 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Series Connection When batteries are connected with the positive te rminal of one to the negative terminal of the next, they are connected in series. In a series configur ation, the battery bank has the same amp/hour rating of a single battery , but an over[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 77 Section 7: Batteries Series – Parallel Connection As the name implies, both the series and parallel techniques are used in combination. The result is an increase in both the voltage and the capacity of the total battery bank. This is done very often to make a larger , higher voltage battery b[...]

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    Cabling & Hook-up C onfigurations 78 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 79 Appendix A: S pecifications INVERTER Prosine 2.5 12-volt; (24-volt in p arenthesis) Prosine 3.0 12-v olt; (24-volt in parenthesis) Continuous output power / current 2500W / 21A RMS 3000W / 25A RMS Surge rating (5 seconds) 4000W 4000W Peak output current 5 0A 50A Peak inverter ef ficiency 88 % 8[...]

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    80 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Charger Output Volt ages GENERAL Prosine 2.5 12-volt; (24-volt in p arenthesis) Prosine 3.0 12-v olt; (24-volt in parenthesis) T ransfer T ime Inverter to AC zero seconds, [8 second delay] zero seconds, [8 second delay] T r ansfer T ime AC to Inverter (including detect time) 20 milliseconds 20 [...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 81 Appendix A: Specifications Prosine 2.5/3.0 Chassis Dimensions[...]

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    82 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Prosine 2.5/3.0 Chassis Dimensions with Bracket s[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 83 Appendix A: Specifications Prosine 2.5 Efficiency Curve Prosine Over-Current Shut down Response P ro s i n e 2. 5 E ff i ci e ncy 1 20 Va c, 12Vdc mode l 80.0 81.0 82.0 83.0 84.0 85.0 86.0 87.0 88.0 89.0 90.0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 O utput P ow e r (W atts) Efficeincy (%) E ff. @ 1 0 . 5 [...]

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    84 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 85 Appendix B: Inverter Applications AC loads on the inverter dif fer in the way they perform. There are diff erent types of loads: resistive loads, inductive loads, and prob lem lo ads. Resistive Loads These are the loads that the inverter finds the simplest and most ef ficien t to drive. V oltag[...]

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    Problem Loads in Load Se nse 86 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide present a load until line voltage is available. When this occurs, each unit waits for the other to begin. T o drive these loads either a small companion load must be used to bring the inverter out of its search mode, or the inverter may be programmed to rema in at f[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 87 Appendix C: Troubleshooting What to do if a problem occurs This section may help you narrow down the sour ce of any problem you may encounter . Before contacting Xantrex, please work through the steps listed below . W ARNING: Shock and energy ha zards. Some of the troubleshooti ng solu tion s b[...]

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    Error Code Displays and What They Mean 88 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide Error Code Displays and What They Mean Many types of faults are recognized by the Pros ine i nverter/charger . Should a recognized fault occur , the fault LED will illuminate and an error code wi ll be displayed. These error codes will override any other m[...]

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    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 89 Appendix C: T roubleshootin g Error Code T able The following table lists the error codes, likely causes, and suggested solutions. Error Code Description of Fault Possible Cause Solution 000, 255 No Fault recorded No faults detected since the Prosine was turned on. 001 A. Battery T emperature i[...]

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    Error Code T able 90 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 002 Battery V oltage is too low 1. Discharged battery . 2. Old or faulty battery . 3. Battery cables to the Pros- ine inverter/charger are too small, too long, or there is a loose connection. 1. Charge battery . 2. Battery may not be hold- ing charge properly . If flooded, che[...]

  • Pagina 109

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 91 Appendix C: T roubleshootin g 008-015 Ambient temperatures or internal component temper- atures are too high or too low . 1. Power required by AC load is too high. 2. Blocked ventilation. 3. Room temperature too high 4. Room temperature too low . 1. Reduce AC load to spec- ified limits. Reduce [...]

  • Pagina 110

    Error Code T able 92 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 195 Internal DC bus voltage is low in Charge mode 1 There may be a hot to ground wiring error . A mis- take made in AC wiring caused internal traces to open. Shoring the AC line to the chassis ground occasion- ally causes damage espe- cially if supplied from a 50 A service wit[...]

  • Pagina 111

    Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 93 Appendix C: T roubleshootin g 206 AC Output voltage too high 1. Some loads, like motors, can feed power back into the output of the Prosine. This may result in a tempo- rary over-voltage which may trigger a fault condi- tion. 2. There is an internal hard- ware or software fault. 1. T ry resetti[...]

  • Pagina 112

    Error Code T able 94 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

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    95 Index A absorption charge defined , 59 AC (shorepower) configuration , 29 AC bonding , 45 AC cabling , 40 , 45 AC circuit breakers , 45 AC disconnect and overload device , 40 AC disconnect and overload protection , 45 AC distribution center , 40 AC fuse , 40 AC grounding , 45 AC information , 15 AC Information menu , 15 , 29 Breaker Size , 15 AC[...]

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    Index 96 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide battery Amp-hour capacity , 70 battery bank sizing , 70 battery capacity , 30 , 70 battery configuration , 30 battery current indicator , 8 Battery Information menu , 16 , 30 battery requirements, estimating , 70 battery reserve capacity , 70 battery size minimum , 70 setting , 25 , 27 , [...]

  • Pagina 115

    Index Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 97 battery temperature , 25 , 26 battery type , 25 , 26 load sense , 25 , 26 distilled water , 61 , 62 , 73 down arrow key , 13 drill press , 85 E efficiency , 85 electrolyte , 67 , 69 , 73 electrolyte level , 61 , 62 electronics , 86 EMI bulb , 11 , 39 Enter key , 13 equalization charge def[...]

  • Pagina 116

    Index 98 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide lights fluorescent , 85 incandescent , 86 line (hot) , 38 liquid crystal disp lay , 13 load sense described , 2 parameters , 32 setting parameters , 25 , 26 , 32 , 56 threshold , 85 loads inductive , 85 problem , 85 resistive , 85 low batttery shut down , 2 M maintenance batteries , 73 ma[...]

  • Pagina 117

    Index Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide 99 recreational vehicle , 53 residential backup system , 40 , 52 residential solar and wind , 54 System Information menu , 18 , 35 system startup default , 35 T tape recorders , 86 T emp LED , 9 , 20 temperature effect on batteries , 69 temperature compensation , 1 , 62 , 67 temperature sens[...]

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    Index 100 Pr osine 2.5/3.0 Installation & Operation Guide[...]

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    445-0096-01-01 Pri nted in China Xantrex T echnology Inc. T oll free 1 800 670 0707 Direct 1 360 925 5097 F ax 1 360 925 5143 customerservice@xantrex.com www .xantrex.com[...]